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Oral Language Development: Engaging Approaches. Title III conference September 2010 Presented by: Diane Gutowski Maura Sedgeman Nadra Shami. Objectives:. Content: Explore how pictures and photos are used to activate prior knowledge and support oral language development before writing

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oral language development engaging approaches

Oral Language Development:Engaging Approaches

Title III conference

September 2010

Presented by:

Diane Gutowski

Maura Sedgeman

Nadra Shami



  • Explore how pictures and photos are used to activate prior knowledge and support oral language development before writing
  • Illustrate the connection between oral language, reading & writing


  • Discuss strategies for developing and expanding oral language
  • Retella story using picture cues
  • Orally tell a story to a partner using pictures and prompts
  • Retell an article using an oral retelling technique
question to ponder
Question to Ponder . . .

Talk to your partner about instructional practices that you would expect to observe in a classroom that enhances students’ oral language.

teaching strategies for oral language
Teaching Strategies for Oral Language
  • Set the climate for learning, including discussing & modeling proper behavior:
    • Gathering space
    • Taking turns
    • Speaking clearly
    • Respecting others’ ideas
    • Listening to other students
connection between oral and written language
Connection Between Oral and Written Language
  • What I think about I can talk about
  • What I can say I can write
  • What I can write I can read
  • I can read what I write AND

What other people write for me to read.

R. Van Allen

picture strips
Picture Strips


using picture strips
Using Picture Strips
  • Students use their imagination to fill in gaps (like setting or characters)
  • Students create their own ending
    • What may have happened next? Resolution?
  • Students use Linking Words to retell story orally
  • Include key vocabulary that you’d like students to use (new vocabulary, key words, etc.)
  • Cut apart & have students sequence and share story with a buddy
  • Extend to writing
sequencing linking words flow map





At first

But then

Along the way

Shortly thereafter

About (time) into (event)

About 3 days into our journey

About 5 minutes into the game

About 1 week into summer

Soon after

After that

Following that

At the beginning

At the end

In the end

Sequencing Linking WordsFlow Map

Tell story to your partner, using the key words

Bee hive

Bow and Arrow


Swarm of bees

setting characters where who

Setting & CharactersWhere? Who?

Plot-What happened?

Resolution Lesson Learned


Research concludes that high-quality reading instruction alone is insufficient to support equal academic success for English Language Learners.

Teachers need to increase “the scope and sophistication of these students’ oral language proficiency”.

oral retelling task
Oral Retelling Task
  • Students read text(1-2 paragraphs or pages)
  • Students underline 1-2 key words (or phrases) from each sentence to help accurately retell the text.
  • Students list underlined words on a clean sheet of paper or index card.
  • Students partner or in a small group, retell the text, using their list.

This Retelling Task can help students with

  • Paraphrasing…
  • Writing

Great way to steer students away from copying everything on the page and avoid plagiarizing!

abc brainstorming an oral language way to build background
ABC Brainstorming—an Oral Language way to Build Background
  • Students individually brainstorm on topic thinking of words beginning with a letter of the alphabet– 1 minute
  • Students pair up and brainstorm together-

2-3 minutes

  • Students team up with another pair and continue brainstorming— 3-4 minutes

4. Teams report out 3-4 words to whole class

abc brainstorming continued
ABC Brainstorming—continued
  • Teams compose a summary paragraph using at least 7 of the alphabet words, phrases or sentences from the brainstorming sheet.
  • Teams report out summary paragraphs.



  • Work in pairs!
  • You can use--
  • Nouns
  • Action words
  • Phrases
  • Adjectives