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Redeveloping New Orleans: Recommendations from the John Hopkins University Redevelopment Panel. David Bend, Sam Huleatt, Minchul Kim, Van Johnson, and Gina Myers January 21, 2006. New Orleans Before The Storm. Mardi Gras Jazz Food But…. New Orleans Before The Storm.

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redeveloping new orleans recommendations from the john hopkins university redevelopment panel

Redeveloping New Orleans: Recommendations from the John Hopkins University Redevelopment Panel

David Bend, Sam Huleatt, Minchul Kim, Van Johnson, and Gina Myers

January 21, 2006

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans before the storm
New Orleans Before The Storm
  • Mardi Gras
  • Jazz
  • Food
  • But….

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans before the storm1
New Orleans Before The Storm
  • Concentrated poverty
  • Failing Schools
  • Weak Economy

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans after the storm
New Orleans After the Storm
  • Disproportionate destruction
  • Inadequate response
  • ULI and Bring Back New Orleans Report

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

our vision
Our Vision

New Orleans will emerge by its tricentennial (1718) as the most economically strong, intellectually rich, socially equitable, culturally vibrant and environmentally sustainable city in the world

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

redevelopment zones
Redevelopment Zones
  • Different areas-different demands
  • Smaller footprint
  • Equity
  • Mixed-income
  • Mixed-use

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

image courtesy of uli
source: USGSImage courtesy of ULI

St. Bernard Parish

Jefferson Parish

Orleans Parish

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

elevation

flood inundation
source: USGSFlood Inundation

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

slide9
Sequence of neighborhood investment zones

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

Source: ULI

red zone
Red Zone
  • Sense of urgency
  • Uniform assessment system
  • Remediation
  • Choice
  • Open space

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

yellow zone map courtesy of uli
Yellow Zone map courtesy of ULI
  • Analysis and remediation
  • Eye towards redevelopment

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

green zone
Green Zone
  • Least affected by the storm
  • Increased density

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

Source: ULI

slide13
Strategic Open Space

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

Source: ULI

political opposition
Political Opposition

“Over my dead body”

-Ninth Ward Resident-

“To say that you’re not going to fix this community or that community, you’re not honoring the dead”

-Oliver Thomas, New Orleans City Council President-

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

slide15
Low Density Development

Source: www.urban-advantage.com

Pre – Urban Redevelopment

Single use

district

Above ground

utilities

No parking in rear

Narrow

Sidewalks

Auto-oriented

development

WIDE STREETS

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

Source: EPA DCED

slide16
Dense Development

Post – Urban Redevelopment

Street Trees

High Density

Development

Below-

ground utilities

Pedestrian-friendly

area

Mixed-Use

(Residential

and Commercial)

Median for

light rail

Bike Lanes

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

Source: EPA DCED

Source: www.urban-advantage.com

government effectiveness
Government Effectiveness

NEED for Transparency & Oversight:

New Orleans history of misappropriations and fraud within the Government (Ex: Marc Morial)

Need to demonstrate compassion for all races and classes

-Conscious not to only work in the “safest areas”

-Conscious of retaining local heritage/culture

Many feel abandoned by Federal Govt

“Re-Build Confidence in residents over time and through transparency and open communication”

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

oversight
Oversight
  • Important to have Oversight and Benchmarking
      • Monitor Contractors
      • Keep Public Profile: Web Updates, Town Hall Mtgs
      • Create Independent Oversight Commissions:
          • Environmental/Health Commission
          • Financial Oversight Committee
  • Historical Precedent
    • Nothing Comparable in Recent History of this Scale
          • 9/11 (Some success but very slow!)

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

financing
Financing

Q: What are we financing?

Traditional Infrastructure & Municipal Structures

AND…Social Infrastructure (Teachers, Services, etc)

3 Levels of Financing:

  • Federal Level
  • State
  • Private (Economic Development)
  • Creative

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

specifics
Specifics
  • Federal – Most Aid
          • Gulf Opportunity Zone Act
          • Baker Bill (Yet to Pass)
  • Traditional Municipal Financing
          • Tax Exempt Bonds
          • Economic Development : Create Tax Base
  • Creative
          • How to Finance the GAP?
          • Public Private Partnerships

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans economic redevelopment
Traditional Model

Reduce Poverty

Focus on Deficiencies

Need: Social Services

Lead: Government

Market-Oriented Model

Create Jobs and Wealth

Focus on Opportunities

Need: Business Growth and

Investment

Lead: Private Sector

New Orleans Economic Redevelopment

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

swot analysis
Strength

Natural Resources (oil and gas)

Higher Education Institutions

Hospital and Medical Facilities

Unique and Rich Culture

The Port of New Orleans

Opportunities

Strong medical research institutions

The indigenous music industry

Development of bio-tech industry

Increasing demand for the port

Ship building and restoring

World Class convention and Expos

Weakness

Lack of Economic Strategies

Less Business friendly Tax Codes

High Proportion of less-skilled Labors in Workforce

Lack of inward investment

Threats

Racial and economical segregation

High crime rate

General trend toward out-migration from the city

Increased competition from other cities

Natural disaster

SWOT ANALYSIS

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans economic redevelopment1
New Orleans Economic Redevelopment
  • Short-Term Objectives
    • To bring dispersed New Orleans Residents back
    • To revive the core industries as soon and as much as possible
    • To enable workers to rejoin in the labor force
    • To maximize the benefits for New Orleans residents and companies from the reconstruction efforts

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

new orleans economic redevelopment2
New Orleans Economic Redevelopment
  • Long-term Objectives
    • To encourage retention and expansion of job opportunities both in private and public sectors
    • To diversify the base of core businesses
    • Create an education system tailored to the actual jobs available and projected through restructuring period
    • To enhance the city’s reputation as a good place for business investment and sustained profitability through Public-Private Partnership
    • To alleviate concentrated poverty and racial segregation

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

snap shot of new orleans economy
Snap Shot of New Orleans Economy

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

storm water protection
Storm Water Protection
  • Levee’s
    • Poorly maintained: built for agriculture protection
    • Provide Multiple layers of levee protection: levees, canals, pumps and gates
    • Option not to rebuild all levees
    • Single Regional Levee Board
    • Close MRGO – Mississippi River Gulf Outlet

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

coastal wetlands
Coastal Wetlands
  • Coastal Wetlands
    • Natural buffer against storms (aka speed bump)
    • New Orleans more vulnerable than before storm
    • Levees harmful to wetlands natural cycle
    • Fresh water reintroduction, barrier island restoration, sediment diversion and vegetative planting

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

infrastructure
Infrastructure
  • Water
    • Pre-Katrina, did not meet federal standards
    • Rebuild & protect water treatment facilities
  • Waste
    • 44 million cubic yards debris will require management
    • Launch valuable new industries (deconstruction projects, composting facilities, biomass energy plants) possible economic stimulus
  • Power
    • Entergy utility company – Filed for Bankruptcy
    • Priority for areas that have immediate occupancy
  • Communication
    • “Wireless” communication WiFi system throughout the city
    • Remove communication barriers and attract residents and businesses

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

transportation near term
Transportation – Near Term
  • New Orleans Port
    • Getting back on feet – 80% by June
    • Biggest Need: Labor
  • Highway and road / bridge repair
    • Provide access to areas for construction and utility workers
    • Street signs and signals
  • Reconfigure bus routes
    • Focus routes in areas of highest activity

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

transportation long term
Transportation – Long Term
  • Street Car
    • New Orleans symbol
    • Friendly, aesthetically pleasing, human scale
    • Portland, Oregon example
    • Street Car Arrival Time, GPS Tracking
  • Light Rail
    • North Shore & New Orleans
    • Reduce the isolation of many low income neighborhoods
    • Connect Neighborhoods & Workplaces
  • Regional Rail
    • Connect Baton Rouge and New Orleans
    • Environmental & Economic Stimulus

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

rebuilding neighborhoods
Rebuilding Neighborhoods

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

snap shot of new orleans housing market
Snap Shot of New Orleans Housing Market

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

community redevelopment
Community Redevelopment
  • Short-Term Objectives
    • Form Neighborhood Planning Teams
      • Neighborhood residents
      • Planner/designer
      • Historic preservation expert
      • Environmental/public health consultant
      • Community Outreach
      • Mitigation Planner
    • Establish Temporary Housing Sites
      • Break through local public/political opposition to temp. trailer sites.
      • Enable Habitat for Humanity to locate housing portable foundations to city.
      • Insure site locations are environmentally safe for housing locations
    • Address Soil, Mold and Brown field environmental concerns
      • Establish Commercial and residential remediation plans/guidelines (EPA and or DEQ)
      • Meaningful and consistent community evolvement in environmental decision making
    • Address Neighborhood/Community Footprint issues
      • Establish safety measures
      • Develop Community specific remediation plans

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

community redevelopment1
Community Redevelopment
  • Long-term Objectives
    • Attract and develop strong community relationships
      • Education
      • Employment
      • Housing product types
      • Financial institutions
      • Commercial enterprises
      • Young creative talent
    • Employ comprehensive redevelopment strategies that map to the communities needs.
      • Mixed use product types
        • Stimulate entrepreneurship
        • Links business to housing
      • Supportive Housing
        • Affordable housing
        • Linked to services (Health, mental health, employment, etc.)
      • Mixed income housing
        • Stimulates the development of community
        • Creates multi-cultural environments
      • Existing house renovation
        • 77.8% Homes Constructed before 1970, 59.9% before 1960
        • 81.1% homes are 5 bedrooms or less/76.3% 2 bedroom or smaller.
      • Utilize Sustainable building techniques were practical to reestablish communities
        • Sustainable sites
        • Water efficiency
        • Material and resources
        • Indoor Environmental Quality

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

measurements of success
MEASUREMENTS OF SUCCESS
  • Acres of reclaimed wetlands (LT)
  • Number of job training centers constructed (ST)
  • % of schools that consistently score in the upper half of state and national scores (I)
  • Percentage of residents that reside less than six blocks from public transportation (LT)

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • Audacious Goal
  • World is Watching-effects far beyond New Orleans

New Orleans Urban Redevelopment

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