democratic cultural policy which democracy which culture which policy n.
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DEMOCRATIC CULTURAL POLICY: WHICH DEMOCRACY? WHICH CULTURE? WHICH POLICY?. Clive Gray De Montfort University. DEFINING TERMS. Democracy: mechanisms for participating in making collective decisions Culture: what governments define it as being or make policies on

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democratic cultural policy which democracy which culture which policy

DEMOCRATIC CULTURAL POLICY: WHICH DEMOCRACY? WHICH CULTURE? WHICH POLICY?

Clive Gray

De Montfort University

defining terms
DEFINING TERMS
  • Democracy: mechanisms for participating in making collective decisions
  • Culture: what governments define it as being or make policies on
  • Policy: choices about courses of action
democratic forms
DEMOCRATIC FORMS
  • Direct democracy through voting (referenda)
  • Representative democracy through elected representatives (assemblies/executives)
  • Democratic elitism through stakeholders (arm’s-length/technocrats)
  • Deliberative democracy through value clarification (discursive practices)
assessing forms
ASSESSING FORMS
  • Direct/indirect involvement of citizens
  • Role of policy experts (technocrats/mediators/facilitators)
  • Role of elected representatives
  • Information access/quality
direct democracy
DIRECTDEMOCRACY
  • Open vote on a given subject
  • Inclusive of all
  • Ignorance? Incompetence? Money talks? Other issues decide?
  • ‘Not proven’
  • Limited evidence
  • Trust the people?
representative democracy
REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
  • Assembly/executive relations
  • Less inclusive of all: one step removed
  • Knowledge/expertise/continuity?
  • Whose interests are served?/cui bono?
  • Electoral legitimacy
  • Democratic sub-optimality
  • ‘High’/’low’ politics
democratic elitism
DEMOCRATIC ELITISM
  • Public choice between competing groups
  • Insulation of power-holders from direct control
  • Technical/professional/non-party political/authoritative?
  • Coherent/focused/accountable?
  • Technically ‘better’ policies?
deliberative democracy
DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY
  • Based on informed, reflective opinion: ‘talk-centric’
  • Active/open engagement of groups/citizens
  • ‘Better’ policy? Expense?
  • Symbolic rather than effective engagement?
  • Who manages the system? How is it managed? Democratic elitism by another name?
consequences
CONSEQUENCES
  • Direct/indirect citizen involvement
  • Role of policy experts
  • Role of elected representatives
  • Information access/quality