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The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen Clean Air Conference Turin, 25 and 26 Octobre 2002 Thomas Krag Mobility and bicycle planning advice 1. Basic facts 2. History 3. Bicycle use today 4. Development of a bicycle policy 5. The Bicycle Account The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

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the bicycle policy of copenhagen

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Clean Air Conference

Turin, 25 and 26 Octobre 2002

Thomas Krag

Mobility and bicycle planning advice

1 basic facts

1. Basic facts

2. History

3. Bicycle use today

4. Development of a bicycle policy

5. The Bicycle Account

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

where to find denmark

Where to find Denmark

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

where to find copenhagen

Where to find Copenhagen

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

basic figures on copenhagen

Basic figures on Copenhagen

Inhabitants:

Copenhagen City 0.5 million

(Greater Copenhagen 1.8 million)

(Denmark 5.2 million)

Area 89.6 km2

(5,600/km2 )

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

history in short

History in short

Majority of cyclists in the 1950ies

Decrease in the 1960ies

Increase in cyclingsince late 1970ies

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle traffic development

Bicycle traffic development

Cyclists

per day

200,000

150,000

100,000

50,000

.

Inner city ring

City border

.

1970 1980 1990 2000 year

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

today s situation

Today’s situation

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

modal split

Modal split

All trips

bicycle

car

Transport to work

walk

bicycle

car

bus and train

walk

bus

and train

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

infrastructural elements

Infrastructural elements

Cycle tracks

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

infrastructural elements11

Infrastructural elements

Cycle lanes

Blue cycle lanes in intersections

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

don t they have cars

Don’t they have cars?

Car ownership 223 per 1,000

(in Denmark 347 per 1,000)

(abroad >400 per 1,000)

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

developing a bicycle policy

Developing a bicycle policy

Bicycle network plan proposed 1974

Big manifestations from 1977 and onwards

Bicycle network plan agreed by the Municipality 1980

Environment plan 1997: no cartraffic increase

Network originally proposed almost achieved

More advanced plan agreed politically

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle network plan

Bicycle network plan

The Bicycle Policy

of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

5 bicycle policy goals for the city

5 bicycle policy goals for the City

Increase bicycle share home-work to 40%

Reduce risk of personal injuries by 50%

Achieve that 80% of all cyclists feel safe in traffic

Increase effective travelling speed by 10%

Increase comfort so that only 5% of the bicycle routes are judged uncomfortable

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle injuries

Bicycle injuries

.

Bicycle traffic

Seriously injured cyclists

.

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

9 focus areas

9 focus areas

Cycle tracks and cycle lanes

Green cycle routes

City centre development

Bicycles and public transport

Bicycle parking

Intersections

Cycle track maintenance

Cycle track day-to-day care

Campaigns

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

the bicycle account

The Bicycle Account

… a tool for the bicycle policy

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle account contents

Bicycle Account contents

Facts on a range of relevant issues

Users’ points of view

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle account facts

Bicycle Account, facts

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

bicycle account ratings

Bicycle Account, ratings

Users’ points of view, maximum score = 10

Copenhagen as a city for cyclists        

Cyclist security        

Amount of cycle tracks      

Feasability of combining PT     

Bicycle parking    

Cycle track maintenance    

City information on traffic planning   

Road maintenance  

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen

Thomas Krag Mobility advice

how to get the bicycle account

How to get the Bicycle Account

Here: About 20 copies

Internet: www.vejpark.kk.dk

(www.vejpark.kk.dk/cykelregnskab/html_GB/startGB.html)

Thomas Krag

Mobility and bicycle planning advice

The Bicycle Policy of Copenhagen