Happy Monday! 09-09-2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Happy Monday! 09-09-2013

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  1. Happy Monday! 09-09-2013 • Turn in: warm-up paper, notes quiz corrections, parent info w/ signature (if late) • On your desk: NEW warm-up from front table, Notes over Europe/Russia and Republics, pen/cil • Warm-up: EESP with CNN day 1

  2. Calendar Change—take out your calendar Change: TEST BUNDLE 1: to Sept 17Aday 18Bday

  3. agenda • Test Results • Current Events • Notes check-quiz • Notes: Africa Physical Geography • Finish Atlas Activity • HW: Notes SW Asia

  4. Geography ofAfrica Africa Unit

  5. The Continent of Africa

  6. Africa’s Size 4 6 0 0 M I L E S 5000 MILES • Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. • 10% of the world’s population. • 2 ½ times the size of the U. S.

  7. The African Plateau

  8. Mediterranean Sea Bodies Of Water Red Sea NileRiver NigerRiver L. Chad--> <--Gulf of Aden L. Albert--> Congo River L. Victoria L. Tanganyika-> Indian Ocean Atlantic Ocean Zambezi River LimpopoRiver OrangeRiver Pacific Ocean

  9. The Mighty Nile River:“Longest River in the World”

  10. Atlas Mts. Mountains & Peaks Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Ruwenzori Mts. Drajensburg Mts.

  11. Libyan Desert Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Namib Desert Kalahari Desert

  12. The Sahara Desert

  13. The Sahel

  14. Five Geographic Regions of Africa Africa Unit

  15. North Africa • Mountain Ranges (Atlas Mountains, Ahaggar Mountains) • Sahara desert (world’s largest) • Sahel region

  16. North Africa

  17. Ahaggar Mts.

  18. Atlas Mountains

  19. West Africa • Grasslands • Most populated

  20. West Africa

  21. Lagos, Nigeria

  22. East Africa • Mountainous • Plateaus • (Ethiopian Plateau) • Grasslands • Serengeti Plain • Hills

  23. East Africa

  24. Mt. Kilimanjaro:Snow on the Equator?

  25. The African Savannah:13 million sq. mi.

  26. South Africa • Namib & Kalahari Deserts • Drakensberg Mountain Range

  27. South Africa

  28. Namib Desert

  29. Kalahari Desert

  30. Central Africa • Equator • Rain forests

  31. Central Africa

  32. African Rain Forest • Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. • Rapid decomposition (very humid). • Covers 37 countries. • 15% of the land surface of Africa.

  33. Countries of Africa Africa Unit

  34. How well do you know the countries of Africa? Click on the words above to play a review game.

  35. Desertification Desertification – The spreading of a desert region The region of Sahel is most affected by the spreading desert.

  36. Desertification

  37. Great Rift Valley Great Rift Valley – 4,000 mile giant fault, or break in the earth’s crust. From Red Sea to Zambezi River. Evidence has found that the earliest Humans first lived in this area.

  38. Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long

  39. Major Rivers • Nile River– world’s longest (4,000 + miles) Sources: White Nile (Uganda) & Blue Nile (Ethiopian highlands) flows into the Mediterranean • Congo River – Central Africa – through rain forests, 2,720 miles long • Niger River – Africa’s third longest- 2,600 miles long. Begins in West Africa (Guinea) • Zambezi River – Fourth longest 2,200 miles – Southern Africa; contains Victoria Falls; flows into the Indian Ocean

  40. Rivers in Africa are plenty, but very difficult to navigate due to cataracts. What are cataracts? Series of waterfalls How does this affect transportation and communication? Very difficult historically to travel and trade.