Happy Monday! 09-09-2013 • Turn in: warm-up paper, notes quiz corrections, parent info w/ signature (if late) • On your desk: NEW warm-up from front table, Notes over Europe/Russia and Republics, pen/cil • Warm-up: EESP with CNN day 1
Calendar Change—take out your calendar Change: TEST BUNDLE 1: to Sept 17Aday 18Bday
agenda • Test Results • Current Events • Notes check-quiz • Notes: Africa Physical Geography • Finish Atlas Activity • HW: Notes SW Asia
Geography ofAfrica Africa Unit
Africa’s Size 4 6 0 0 M I L E S 5000 MILES • Second largest continent 11,700,000 sq. mi. • 10% of the world’s population. • 2 ½ times the size of the U. S.
Mediterranean Sea Bodies Of Water Red Sea NileRiver NigerRiver L. Chad--> <--Gulf of Aden L. Albert--> Congo River L. Victoria L. Tanganyika-> Indian Ocean Atlantic Ocean Zambezi River LimpopoRiver OrangeRiver Pacific Ocean
Atlas Mts. Mountains & Peaks Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Ruwenzori Mts. Drajensburg Mts.
Libyan Desert Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Namib Desert Kalahari Desert
Five Geographic Regions of Africa Africa Unit
North Africa • Mountain Ranges (Atlas Mountains, Ahaggar Mountains) • Sahara desert (world’s largest) • Sahel region
West Africa • Grasslands • Most populated
East Africa • Mountainous • Plateaus • (Ethiopian Plateau) • Grasslands • Serengeti Plain • Hills
South Africa • Namib & Kalahari Deserts • Drakensberg Mountain Range
Central Africa • Equator • Rain forests
African Rain Forest • Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. • Rapid decomposition (very humid). • Covers 37 countries. • 15% of the land surface of Africa.
Countries of Africa Africa Unit
How well do you know the countries of Africa? Click on the words above to play a review game.
Desertification Desertification – The spreading of a desert region The region of Sahel is most affected by the spreading desert.
Great Rift Valley Great Rift Valley – 4,000 mile giant fault, or break in the earth’s crust. From Red Sea to Zambezi River. Evidence has found that the earliest Humans first lived in this area.
Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long
Major Rivers • Nile River– world’s longest (4,000 + miles) Sources: White Nile (Uganda) & Blue Nile (Ethiopian highlands) flows into the Mediterranean • Congo River – Central Africa – through rain forests, 2,720 miles long • Niger River – Africa’s third longest- 2,600 miles long. Begins in West Africa (Guinea) • Zambezi River – Fourth longest 2,200 miles – Southern Africa; contains Victoria Falls; flows into the Indian Ocean
Rivers in Africa are plenty, but very difficult to navigate due to cataracts. What are cataracts? Series of waterfalls How does this affect transportation and communication? Very difficult historically to travel and trade.