College English- Intensive Reading (2) 期中 30% 成绩占比 期末 40% 考勤、课堂表现 10% 平时 30% 背诵 10% 作业 10%
课堂要求 动手、动口、动头 不动手、不动口、不动头
Rules: the first student of each row is given a card with a simple sentence. This student has five seconds to remember this sentence and then he or she should repeat this sentence to the student behind him, then the second student repeats the sentence to the next student, and so on. The last student of each row has the responsibility to write the sentence down and hand it to the teacher.
Hope for the best and prepare for the worst. The seventy-year-old man trys to go farther.
understand misunderstood misunderstand : understand wrongly 误解 prefix 前缀 misunderstanding: n. Her poor French often leads to misunderstandings when she visits France.
Reasons: Starter1-1 Misunderstandings can result from the spoken form or written form of the language that you use. Fill in the following blanks with words or expressions that may cause misunderstandings. Words or expressions that are often misunderstood when used in spoken form: 1. _________________ seventeen / seventy 2. _________________________________ can / cant (especially in American English) 3. ___________________ Oakland / Auckland
Starter1-2 Words or expressions that are often misunderstood when used in written form: 1. ___________________ farther / father / further affect / effect 2. _______________ 3. _______________ capital / capitol
Experience Have you ever had an experience in which you are misunderstood or have failed to understand others? misunderstanding
Read text-1 Reading Analysis Read Text A again and complete the following table. Part TopicParagraph Supporting Details A passenger wanted to tell the driver Misunderstand-ings may occur among native English speakers. 1 that there was a bum in the restroom ___________________ Ⅰ ___________. The change of the word “bum” into “bomb” caused a 15milelong . 2 traffic jam ________ A man who wanted to go to Oakland finally got to Auckland because . 3 he failed to get the meaning correctly __________________ _______________
Read text-2 Part TopicParagraph Supporting Details Misunderstandings among English -speaking people are common, but they occur . Non-native English speakers . 4 Ⅱ more frequently among non-native English speakers _______________ __________________________________ ________ ___________ are more often affected 5 A Korean woman’s failure to understand the difference made her wonder about her boss’s question all day. ________________________ between “a plate” and “up late”
Read text-3 PartTopicParagraph Supporting Details What should people do ? The best thing people can do about misunderstandings caused by similar-sounding words is . 6 Ⅲ ______ _______________ _____ when misunderstandings occur probably just laugh and learn from the mistake _________________________ ______________
Summary of the story when Where Who What Result why One day A bus in Baltimore, Maryland Bum, passengers, the driver The bum hid in the restroom, a passenger at the back of the bus wanted to tell the driver. The message was passed from person to person and to the driver at the end. Police, get off, closed the highway, traffic jam, dog, search Bum-bomb
CH article1 Text A Misunderstanding Author Unknown 1 He had uncombed hair, dirty clothes, and only 35 cents in his pocket. In Baltimore, Maryland, he got on a bus and headed straight for the restroom. He thought that if he hid in the restroom, he could ride to New York without paying. But a passenger at the back of the bus saw him. She tapped the person in front of her on the shoulder and said, “There’s a bum in the restroom. Tell the bus driver.” That passenger tapped the person sitting in front of him. “Tell the bus driver there’s a bum in the restroom,” he said. N N ?
CH article2 Text A 2 The message was passed from person to person until it reached the front of the bus. But somewhere along the way, the message changed. By the time it reached the bus driver, it was not “There’s a bum in the restroom” but “There’s a bomb in the restroom.” The driver immediately pulled over to the side of the highway and radioed the police. When the police arrived, they told the passengers to get off the bus and stay far away. Then they closed the highway. That soon caused a 15-mile-longtrafficjam. With the help of a dog, the police searched the bus for two hours. Of course, they found no bomb. N N ?
Structure-complete2-1 Fill in the blanks with the preposition/conjunction “until” and the words given in brackets. Add some words or change the forms of the words given where necessary. Model: The message was passed from person to person until it reached the front of the bus. (reach, it, the front, the bus) I plan to keep studying English . (the basics, I learn, really, the language) I was so moved by the story that I couldn’t stop crying . (the book, the end) until I have really learnt the basics of the language 1. ________________________________________ 2. until the end of the book ___________________
until my teacher _____________ explained them in class with several examples _____________________________________ Structure-complete2-1 It’s fine to ask questions as the speakers go along, but it’s better if you wait. 3. (they, speech, finish) until they have finished their speeches _______________________________. I didn’t know the difference between these two confusing words 4. .(explain, them, several examples, my teacher, in class) 5. until I saw Sam Ward leave the building I stayed in my office talking to Mr. Smith ________________________________. (I, Sam Ward, leave, see, the building) 6. After he received the phone call, he ran out of the store, not stopping until he got on a city bus ___________________ . (a city bus, get on, he)
CH article3 Text A 3 Two similar sounding English words also caused trouble for a man who wanted to fly from Los Angeles to Oakland, California. His problems began at the airport in Los Angeles. He thought he heard his flight announced, so he walked to the gate, showed his ticket, and got on the plane. Twenty minutes after takeoff, the man began to worry. Oakland was north of Los Angeles, but the plane seemed to be heading west, N N and when he looked out his window all he could see was ocean. “Is this plane going to Oakland?” he asked the flight attendant. The flight attendant gasped. “No,” she said. “We’re going to Auckland — Auckland, New Zealand.” N ?
BI-AE7 New Zealand New Zealand is a country in the south-western Pacific Ocean consisting of two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands. Its Maori (毛利语的) name is Aotearoa, meaning “Land of the Long White Cloud.” Language: English Currency: New Zealand dollar Capital: Wellington Population: 3,951,307 (2003) Area: 270,534 sq km/104,454 sq mi. (From Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2004)
CH article4 Text A 4Because so many English words sound similar, misunderstandings among English speaking people are not uncommon. Not all misunderstandings result in highways being closed or passengers flying to the wrong continent. Most misunderstandings are much less serious. Every day people speaking English ask one another questions like these: “Did you say seventy or seventeen?” “Did you say that you can come or that you can’t?” Similar sounding words can be especially confusing for people who speak English as a second language. N N N ?
CH Who? What happened to a Korean woman one morning? What did the boss say? How did she feel? Did she asked the boss about the question? Why? When she was getting ready to go home, what did the boss say? What did the boss say that morning? article5 Text A 5 When a Korean woman who lives in the United States arrived at work one morning, her boss asked her, “Did you get a plate?” “No…,” she answered, wondering what in the world he meant. She worked in an office. Why did the boss ask her about a plate? All day she wondered about her boss’s strange question, but she was too embarrassed to ask him about it. At five o’clock, when she was getting ready to go home, her boss said, “Please be on time tomorrow. You were 15 minutes late this morning.” “Sorry,” she said. “My car wouldn’t start, and….” Suddenly she stopped talking and began to smile. Now she understood. Her boss hadn’t asked her, “Did you get a plate?” He had asked her, “Did you get up late?” N ?
__________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Structure-complete1-1 Structure Rewrite the following sentences after the model. Model: She did not ask him about it because she felt embarrassed. →She was too embarrassed to ask him about it. 1. By the time I got home, I couldn’t do anything active because I was very tired. By the time I got home, I was too tired to do anything active. __________________________________________________________ 2. The two girls look very similar, so people outside their family cannot tell them apart from each other. The two girls look too similar for people outside their family to tell them apart from each other.
__________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Structure-complete1-1 3. What in the world does mm(美眉) stand for? I cannot understand the abbreviations (缩写词) that people use on the BBS (电子布告栏系统) because they are really confusing. What in the world does mm stand for? The abbreviations that people use on the BBS are too confusing for me to understand. 4. Because of TV, most people have become lazy and do not make the effort to go to the cinema. Because of TV, most people have become too lazy to make the effort to go to the cinema. 5. Ann made a serious mistake yesterday. She could not decide on the correct choice because she had very little time to do the test. Ann made a serious mistake yesterday because the test gave her too little time to decide on the correct choice.
CH article6 Text A 6Auckland and Oakland. “A plate” and “up late.” When similar sounding words cause a misunderstanding, probably the best thing to do is just laugh and learn from the mistake. Of course, sometimes it’s hard to laugh. The man who traveled to Auckland instead of Oakland didn’t feel like laughing. But even that misunderstanding turned out all rightin the end. The airline paid for the man’s hotel room and meals in New Zealand and for his flight back to California. “Oh well,” the man later said, “I always wanted to see New Zealand.” (624 words) ?
Review • Misunderstand comb cent get on • Head for bomb suicide bomber • immediate immediate family • pull over jam similar airport • traffic flight common common sense • continent wonder embarrass • be on time feel like airline
T T T Article1_popwin_title misunderstanding: n. (an example of) wrong understanding 误解，误会 e.g. Her poor French often leads to misunderstandings when she visits France. 她的法语很差，因而她访问法国时常引起误会。 misunderstand //: vt.understand wrongly误解 e.g. I’m sorry, I misunderstood you. It seems that you have misunderstood what I said at the meeting. 对不起，我误解你了。 看来你误解了我在会上所说的话了。
Article1_popwin_Q 1) What is the text mainly about? It is about misunderstandings that similar sounding English words or expressions can cause. 2) Why did the man with uncombed hair and dirty clothes head straight for the restroom when he got on the bus? He wanted to go to New York without paying for the ticket. 3) What did the passenger at the back of the bus decide to do when she saw the man hiding himself in the restroom? She decided to tell the bus driver that a bum was hiding in the restroom.
Article1_popwin_T Chinese Version 误 会 佚名 他头发蓬乱，衣着肮脏，口袋里只有35美分。在马里兰州的巴尔的摩，他登上一辆公共汽车并径直走向了洗手间。他想如果他躲在洗手间里，便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约。但是坐在公共汽车后面的一位乘客看见了他。她拍了拍她前面那位乘客的肩膀说：“洗手间里有个流浪汉。告诉公共汽车司机。”那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人，说道：“告诉公共汽车司机，洗手间里有个流浪汉。”
T T Article1_popwin_uncomb Language Points uncombed //: a.未梳理过的，蓬乱的 e.g. Mary’s hair was uncombed and her face unwashed as she hurried to the hospital this morning. 今天早晨玛丽匆匆赶去医院时，她头发没梳，脸也没洗。 comb //: 1. n.梳子 2. vt.tidy, arrange or straighten (the hair, etc.) with a comb梳（头发等） e.g. Sally combed her hair carefully. 赛莉仔细地梳了头发。
T T Article1_popwin_cent Language Points cent //: n.(a coin equal to) 0.01 of a US dollar and many other metric units of currency 分（为美元及其他多种十进制货币单位的1%）；一分值的硬币 e.g. This trip won’t cost you a cent. It’s on me. This pen is cheap. It costs you only 75 cents to buy one. 这次旅行你一分钱也不用花。费用由我付。 这种钢笔便宜。你只需花75美分就可以买一支。
T T Article1_popwin_get on Language Points get on: board (a bus, a train, etc.)登上（公共汽车、火车等） e.g. When I got on the bus, I found all the seats were occupied. They felt worried when they realized that they had got on the wrong train. 我登上公共汽车时，发现所有的座位都有人了。 当他们意识到乘错火车时，他们感到担心起来。
T T Article1_popwin_head for Language Points go towards 向…走去；朝…行进 head for: e.g. The ship was heading for Britain. He headed for the bus stop. 这艘船正驶向英国。 他向公共汽车站走去。
Article1_popwin_restroom Language Points restroom //: n.[AmE euph] public toilet in a hotel, restaurant, etc.［美］（旅馆、餐馆等公共建筑物内的）公用厕 所，洗手间。 请注意，在英国人们通常用toilet一词。 Washroom (AmE) WC water closet toilet
T T Article1_popwinS_... he had… Language Points … he could ride to New York without paying. ……他便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约。 介词without 解释为“不、未”，其后跟动词时，须用V-ing形式。 e.g. Tom was talking to his girlfriend without looking at her. He understood the meaning of the word without looking it up in a dictionary. 汤姆跟他的女朋友说话时没有看她。 他不查词典就懂了那个词的意思。
T T T Article1_popwin_tap Language Points tap //: vt. hit (sb./sth.) lightly with a quick short blow, esp. to attract attention（尤指为吸引注意）轻拍，轻敲（某人或某物） e.g. Grace tapped on the door and went in. He turned as someone tapped him on the shoulder. 格雷斯轻轻地敲了一下门就进去了。 有人拍了拍他的肩膀，他转过身来。 英语中讲击打某人身上某一部位时，通常总是用介词引出那个部位。 又如： The robbers hit him over the head with a stone. 强盗用石头砸他的头。
T T T tap vt. hit (sb./sth.) lightly with a quick short blow, esp. to attract attention（尤指为吸引注意）轻拍，轻敲（某人或某物） e.g. Article1_popwin_tap Grace tapped on the door and went in. He turned as someone tapped him on the shoulder. 格雷斯轻轻地敲了一下门就进去了。 有人拍了拍他的肩膀，他转过身来。 英语中讲击打某人身上某一部位时，通常总是用介词引出那个部位。 又如： 拍拍某人的肩膀 to tap sb. on the shoulder The robbers hit him over the head with a stone. 强盗用石头砸他的头。 n. 开关；龙头 开龙头 to turn on the tap I heard a tap at the door. 轻敲；拍打 我听到有人轻轻敲门。
Article1_popwin_S_that passenger tapped… Language Points That passenger tapped the person sitting in front of him. 那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人。 sitting in front of him是分词短语，作定语用，修饰the person。 课文中类似的句子还有： Every day people speaking English ask one another questions like these… 每天讲英语的人会相互问这样的问题……
Article1_popwin_bum Language Points bum /bm/: n. [AmE sl] wandering person who lives by begging ［美俚］ 流浪汉，流浪乞丐 beggar Beggars can’t be choosers.
T T Article2_popwin_bomb Language Points bomb //: n. hollow metal container filled with explosives 炸弹 e.g. Fortunately the house was empty when the bomb exploded. Terrorists had planted a bomb somewhere in the station. 炸弹爆炸时，幸好房子里没有人。 恐怖分子在火车站的某个地方放置了一枚炸弹。
Article2_popwin_Q 4) What was the original message the passengers were supposed to pass and what had it turned into when it reached the driver? The original message was “There is a bum in the restroom,” but it turned into “There is a bomb in the restroom.” 5) What was the result of the wrong message? The bus driver radioed the police and a traffic jam resulted.
Article2_popwin_T Chinese Version 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传到了公共汽车的前边。但在这一过程的某个环节，口信变了。当它传到公共汽车司机那儿时，已经不是“洗手间里有个流浪汉”，而是“洗手间里有颗炸弹”。司机马上在公路边停下车来并用无线电通知了警察。当警察到达时，他们让乘客下车并且远离汽车。然后他们关闭了那条公路。那很快就造成了15英里长的交通堵塞。警察在警犬的帮助下，在公共汽车上搜查了两个小时。当然，他们没有发现什么炸弹。
T T Article2_popwin_S_the message… Language Points The message was passed from person to person. 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传下去。 注意本句中from… to…这一结构中的名词前没有冠词。 相同的例句如: She went from house to house asking if anyone had seen the child. They work hard from morning to night. 她挨家挨户地询问是否有人见过那个孩子。 他们从早到晚努力工作。
Article2_popwin_S_That soon… Language Points That soon caused a 15-mile-long traffic jam. 那很快就造成了15英里长的交通堵塞。 英语中使用连字符构成的复合词作定语时，其中的可数名词一般都用单数形式。 又如： a 65-year-old lady, a ten-page report, a five-day tour
T T Article2_popwin_somewhere Language Points somewhere: ad.at, in, or to a place not specified or known 在某处;在(或到)某个不确定(或不知道)的地方 e.g. They lived somewhere near London. I am sure I saw it somewhere, but I can’t remember exactly where. 他们住在伦敦附近的某个地方。 我确信在什么地方见过它，但是记不起确切的地方了。
T Article2_popwin_by the time Language Points by the time: 到…时候 e.g. The phone was ringing but by the time she got indoors, it had stopped. 电话铃响了，但是等她走进屋子时，铃声已经停了。
T T Article2_popwin_not but Language Points not… but…:这一结构常常用来连接两个单词、词组或句子，表示“并非… 而是…”的意思。 e.g. The animal you saw in this area was not a rabbit, but a wild cat. These youngsters are motivated not by a desire for success, but by fear of failure. 你在这个地区看见的那个动物不是野兔，而是一种野猫。 这些年轻人的动力并非来自于对成功的渴望，而是来自于对失败的恐惧。
T T T Article2_popwin_immediately Language Points immediately //: ad. without delay; at once 立即，马上 e.g. The telephone rang and he answered it immediately. 电话铃一响他马上就接了。 immediate //: a. done or needed at once and without delay 立即的，即刻的；紧迫的 e.g. Mr. Smith wants an immediate answer from his boss. Immediate action must be taken to prevent further problems. 史密斯先生要他的老板立即答复。 必须马上采取行动来防止更多的问题。
T Article2_popwin_pull over Language Points pull over: drive a vehicle to the roadside 把车开到路边 e.g. The policeman asked the driver to pull over. 警察叫驾驶员靠边停车。