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Comparison of Isokinetic Knee Extension/Flexion Strength Ratios in High School Male and Female Athletes PowerPoint Presentation
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Comparison of Isokinetic Knee Extension/Flexion Strength Ratios in High School Male and Female Athletes. Adam MacDonald, Nic Truscott Wenatchee High School Wenatchee, WA Presentation for NATA National Conference Dallas, TX June 17, 2002. Objective.

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Comparison of Isokinetic Knee Extension/Flexion Strength Ratios in High School Male and Female Athletes

Adam MacDonald, Nic Truscott

Wenatchee High School

Wenatchee, WA

Presentation for NATA National Conference

Dallas, TX June 17, 2002

objective
Objective

Purpose: To compare knee extension/flexion strength ratios in male and female high school athletes

Goal: To examine the ratio of strength between quadricep and hamstring strength in high school aged male and female athletes

research setup
Research Setup
  • Warm-Up Before Testing:
  • 5 Minutes of Biking at 50 Watts on Monark 818 E Ergomedic Stationary Bike
  • 2-3 Minutes Quadriceps/Hamstring Stretches
  • 2 Reps at 60°and 180° at 50% prior to each respective test
data collection
Data Collection

Data was collected using the Lido® Active (Loredan, West Sacramento, CA).

subjects
Subjects

Subjects were healthy high school student volunteers,

Male, n=18, Female, n=18;

 Age=16.06±1.94 years;

 Height=171.60±6.56 cm;

 Weight=67.37±6.78 kg.

data collected
Data Collected

Data was collected for:

Peak Flexion Torque Left/Right;

Peak Extension Torque Left/Right;

Average Flexion Torque Left/Right;

Average Extension Torque Left/Right.

analysis
Analysis
  • The Single Variable ANOVA Analysis <p=.05> Results:
  • No significant difference between males (56.59%) and females (55.14%) at 60 degrees/sec in knee extension/flexion ratio
  • At 180 degrees/sec, females (66.40%) exhibited a significantly higher knee extension/flexion ratio than males (58.69%)
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Higher knee extension/flexion ratio in females at 180 degrees/sec due to lower relative quadricep muscles power; not due to higher hamstring power
  • There was no significant difference in knee extension/flexion ratios between males and females at 60 degrees/sec among these groups
  • The overall numbers at 60 degrees/sec may indicate some weakness in the hamstrings as compared to the quadriceps
further conclusions
Further Conclusions
  • Many sources advocate that the hamstrings should be 67% or 2/3 the strength of the quadriceps. Both males and females were 10% or more below this mark
  • We feel functional hamstring strengthening would improve this overall ratio and may ultimately assist in the prevention of knee and thigh injuries
thank you to
Thank You To:
  • Mr. Bill Eagle, AP Calculus Instructor at Wenatchee High School for analysis assistance
  • The Students of Wenatchee High School in Wenatchee, WA for their volunteer participation