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Centaur in action (from the Parthenon, south metopes). The Greek Temple: Architectural terms. Plan of the Parthenon. Inside the Parthenon. On Athena’s shield: outside: Amazonomachy inside: Gigantomachy On Athena’s sandals: Centauromachy.

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Centaur in action (from the Parthenon, south metopes)


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Presentation Transcript
inside the parthenon
Inside the Parthenon
  • On Athena’s shield:

outside: Amazonomachy

inside: Gigantomachy

  • On Athena’s sandals:

Centauromachy

ixion commits 2 fundamental crimes
Ixion commits 2 fundamental crimes:
  • He undermines his own marriage by killing his kinsman, his future father-in-law, simply out of greediness, in order not to have to give a gift in exchange for the bride:
  • He sins against marriage itself by trying to seduce the goddess of marriage, Hera
ixion s seduction misfires
Ixion’s seduction misfires

Ixion is made to mate with Nephele (“cloud”); i.e., he is made to unite with an illusion, something not really there, not real.

a genealogy founded on illusion and deceit
A genealogy founded on illusion and deceit

Ixion - Nephele

Centaurus (not a horse) - Mares

Centaurs

anatomy of a split marriage
Anatomy of a split marriage

Nephele - Ixion - Dia - Zeus

Centaurus Pirithoos

(king of the Lapiths)

slide11
A battle between two sets of distant cousins, Centaurs and Lapiths (pictured here on the west pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia)
chiron educator healer the good centaur here pictured receiving young achilles from peleus
Chiron: educator, healer, the “good” Centaur (here pictured receiving young Achilles from Peleus)
slide14
The Education of Achilles (Eugène Delacroix, 1862)Chiron teaches his most famous pupil the art of archery