The Acropolis & Parthenon By Jennifer Christensen & Jordan Coash
What is the Parthenon in Athens? • The Parthenon is the remains of a temple to the Greek goddess Athena, the patron goddess of the ancient City of Athens.
Where is the Parthenon? • The Parthenon is a temple located on the Acropolis, a hill overlooking the city of Athens, Greece. • The Parthenon in Athens is considered to be the finest example of Doric-style construction. • The Parthenon was designed by Phidias, a Greek politician, credited with the founding of the city of Athens and with stimulating the so-called "Golden Age of Greece".
What is in the Parthenon? • Many treasures would have been displayed in the building. • The glory of the Parthenon was the gigantic statue of Athena designed by Phidias and made out of elephant ivory and gold.
When was the Parthenon built? • Work on the building began in 447 BCE and continued until 438 BCE; some of the decorations were completed later. • It was built over the site of an earlier temple which is sometimes called the Pre-Parthenon.
What is the Acropolis? • The Acropolis is the hill in Athens on which the Parthenon stands. • "Acro" means "high" and "polis" means "city" - so it is literally the "high city". Many other places in Greece have an acropolis but "The Acropolis" usually refers to the site of the Parthenon in Athens.
Basic Design of the Parthenon • The Parthenon is a clear example of Doric design with Ionic architectural features. • The architects used a intelligent visual effect with the design of the building. • Ionic columns were used. • This style would be copied later by the Romans.