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Pediment architrave trigliph metopes cornice capital

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Pediment architrave trigliph metopes cornice capital gable Entablature Abacus stylobate column frieze echinus Pediment architraves trigliph metopes cornice capital gable

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slide1
Pediment architrave trigliph metopes cornice capital

gable

Entablature Abacus stylobate column frieze echinus

slide2
Pediment architraves trigliph metopes cornice capital

gable

Entablature Abacus stylobates column frieze echinus

slide4
Here you can clearly see the ENTASIS of the columns

ENTASIS=

Slight bulge of the columns

slide5
STATUE , NAOS, PRONAOS ,

OPISTODOMOS , CELLA,

slide6
NAOS

STATUE

PRONAOS

CELLA

OPISTHODOMOS

slide8
Is this section of a temple DORIC, IONIC or CORINTHIAN?

doric

WHY?

Because of the capital,

it is simple; the frieze is not

continuous

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WHICH ORDER DOES IT BELONG TO?

IONIC

the entablature is

narrower than the Doric,

with a frieze containing

a continuous band

of sculpture.

There are

two VOLUTES

on the capital

slide10
ORDER:

CORINTHIAN

IT’S LIKE THE IONIC ORDER, BUT THERE ARE ACANTHUS LEAVES

ON THE CAPITAL

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The oldest, simplest, and most massive of the three Greek orders is the________, which was applied to temples beginning in the 7th century B.C. The capitals are plain with a rounded section at the bottom, known as the echinus, and a square at the top, called the abacus. The entablature has a distinctive frieze decorated with triglyphs. In between the triglyphs are spaces, called metopes. The frieze is separated from the architrave by a narrow band called the regula. The Doric order reached its pinnacle of perfection in the Parthenon.

The ______ order is the ____________, which wasn't used much by the Greeks.

It is named after the city of Corinth, where sculptor Callimachus supposedly invented it at the end of the 5th century B.C. after he spotted a goblet surrounded by leaves. the Corinthian is similar to the Ionic order in its base,column, and entablature, but its capital is far more ornate,

carved with two tiers of curly acanthus leaves.

It is called ________because it developed in the Ionian islands in the 6th century B.C. Roman historian Vitruvius compared this delicate order to a female form, in contrast to the stockier "male" Doric order.

It's easy to recognize because of the two scrolls, called volutes, on its capital. The volutes may have been based on nautilus shells or animal horns.

Above the capital, the entablature is narrower than the Doric, with a frieze containing a continuous band of sculpture.

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