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Democracy in Action Hey! That’s the Parthenon!
Tyrants • Solon • Reformed Draconian Laws • Pisistratus • Champion of the Poor • Cleisthenes • Established the first true democracy • Pericles • Ruled during the Golden Age of Athens
Agora • Large open space in the middle of the city-state that contained a marketplace as well as government buildings • Citizens mingled and discussed the issues of the day before gathering for the assembly meeting http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEIn3T6nDAo
Voting • Only citizens of Athens could debate important laws • Pynx = the assembly meeting place • About 1 out of 5 Athenians were citizens • Direct democracy; voted with their hands • 3 Main Branches: • The Assembly • The Council of 500 • The Courts But…How can I vote? I don’t have any arms. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCkV1DFfYG0
Red Paint • All citizens were required to participate in Athen’s democracy, but sometimes there weren’t enough people present at assembly meetings • A red painted rope would be used to corral citizens from the Agora into the Pynx • If you had red paint on your shirt, you would have to pay a fine https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CL4B-YZuJR4
Ostracism • Ostracism literally means “judgment by shards” • Citizens would vote for the person they wanted exiled from Athens for 10 years by writing a name on a pottery shard • A quorum, or a minimum number, of 6,000 citizens required • Usually for people who were too personally powerful, or who threatened influential people Who’s getting voted off the island? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxYxyfE4onc
Kleroterion • Device used for randomly selecting members to the jury in Athens • A small bronze plate used to identify the citizen was placed into each slot • Dice were rolled to decide the row chosen to serve on the jury for that day https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cc3Um-BBhpI