Lord of the Flies Maybe there is a beast… maybe it’s only us.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR • William Golding was born on September 19, 1911 in England • 1940 Golding joined the Royal Navy • Participated in D-Day • Experience in WWII had a profound effect on his view • of humanity and the evils of • which it was capable. • His first and greatest success came with Lord of the Flies in 1954
About the Novel • Set in mid 1940’s when Europe was engulfed in war. • A plane carrying British school boys is mistaken for a military craft and shot down. • Only the boys survive the crash, and try to form a society and govern themselves.
The Island The island is a… microcosm: a miniature representation of a much larger community, place, or situation
The Nature of Good and Evil 2. Loss of Innocence 3. Absolute Power Themes 4. Civilization vs. Savagery 5. Religion
Allusions • Definition: a reference to a well known person, event from history, work of art, or piece of literature. • Allusions found within the novel: • Classical literature • Mythology • Christian Symbolism
the Title The title is an allusion The title is said to be a reference to the Hebrewname Beelzebub (literally “lord of flies"), a name sometimes used as a synonym for Satan.
SYMBOLS • The Conch • Piggy’s Glasses • Lord of the Flies • Fire Signal Simon The island Jack and Ralph The parachutist and Piggy The snake in the Garden of Eden
Definition: a work of fiction carrying two levels of meaning Allegory Level Two is the symbolic meaning (everything symbolizes something greater) Level One is the literal meaning (what we see on the surface)
A Freudian Allegory • Id • The part of the personality which reflects unorganized, instinctual impulses. If unbridled, it seeks immediate gratification of primitive needs. • Ego • The part of the personality corresponding with the perceived self, the controlling self that holds back the impulsiveness of the id in the effort to delay gratification until it can be found in socially approved ways. • Superego • The part of the personality corresponding with conscience, controlling through moral scruples rather than by way of social expediency. The superego is said to be an uncompromising and punishing conscience.
Social Influence 1. Compliance The person at whom the influence is directed (the target) publicly conforms to the wishes of the influencing source but does not change his or her private beliefs or attitudes. *Example- The child eats the spinach but continues to dislike it. 2. Internalization The target changes his or her beliefs, attitudes, or behaviors because of a genuine belief in the validity of the position advocated by the influencing source. Example- A middle-aged man gives up smoking after reading – and believing – the surgeon general's warnings that smoking causes cancer.
Social Influence 3. Identification The target changes his or her beliefs, attitudes, or behaviors in order to resemble an influencing source that is respected or admired. *Example- A high school girl takes up smoking in order to be like a group of older girls she admires. 4. DeindividuationThe sense of self is diminished when in a crowd *Example- A man votes for a candidate because most people in his area have voted for him/her. (What’s the point in voting for the candidate I really want?)
Modern DAY ALLUSIONS • This Simpson’s episode is a parody of Lord of the Flies. This episode Spongebob is a parody of Lord of the Flies.
Survivor • Mark Burnett’s CBS island show is said to have been inspired by LOTF.
How will you survive? While crossing the ocean with your classmates, your plane has crashed on an uninhabited island. There are no adults, and the only supplies you have are the remnants of the wreckage that you can find scattered across the island and at the site of the destroyed plane. You are not sure if anyone knows that your plane has crashed, let alone where it crashed. You may be stranded for a few hours, or a few months. In fact, you may never be rescued. How will you survive?
What To DO 1. Choose ONE item from your belongings. This will be the one item that washed up on shore with you. 2. Choose your group members. Choose wisely; remember, you are stranded on an island with these people.
Record RESOURCES • On page 14 in your INB, write down: • The 4-5 “washed up” belongings • The natural resources available to you: • Sun • Wind • Palm trees • Tropical foliage • Coconuts • Ocean water • Driftwood • Sand • Fish/sea creatures • Insects and snakes • Wild boar
Make a PLAN 1. How will you gather food? 9. Make a map of the island. 5. How will you use your tools? 2. How will you increase your chances of survival? 6. Where will you find shelter? 3. What if someone isn’t doing their part? 7. What rules will your group establish? 8. Who will be the leader? 4. How will disagreements be solved?
Island Rules • Write down the names of your group members • Natural resources available to you: • Sun • Wind • Palm trees • Tropical foliage • Coconuts • Ocean water • Driftwood • Sand • Fish/sea creatures • Insects and snakes • Wild boar