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Module 5: Federal Government Job Search and Application

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  1. Module 5:Federal Government Job Search and Application

  2. Introduction and Learning Objectives • Learn how to look for jobs with the federal government • Learn more about hiring categories • Understand veteran and spouse preferences • Learn how to apply for a federal government job, to include filling out job applications • Learn how to construct Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) statements

  3. How Federal Government Jobs Are Filled • How the Federal Government fills jobs • Office of Personnel Management (OPM) • Differences in federal vs. civilian hiring • Today • OPM no longer maintains registers of eligibles • Applicants can mail, fax their résumé, or apply online using their résumé in My USAJOBS • Job seekers do not need a rating from OPM to apply for non-clerical vacancies • Only a few positions require a written test • The SF-171 is obsolete

  4. Classes of Jobs • Competitive Service • Subject to the civil service laws passed by Congress • Selecting officials have broader authority to review more than one applicant source • Excepted Service • Set their own qualification requirements • Subject to veterans' preference • Only option at certain federal agencies (FBI and CIA)

  5. Eligibility for Federal Government Employment • For competitive service positions, agencies can choose from: • A competitive list of eligibles • A list of eligibles who have civil service status • A list of eligibles that qualify for a special noncompetitive appointing authority established by law or executive order • See Hiring Categories handout

  6. Veterans’ Preference for Employment • Recognizes the economic loss suffered by citizens who have served their country in uniform in times of strife • Restores veterans to a favorable competitive position for Government employment • Acknowledges the larger obligation owed to disabled veterans How do you determine your Veterans’ Preference category?

  7. Veterans’ Preference for Employment (cont.) • How do you determine your Veterans’ Preference category? • Veterans’ Preferences handout • Veterans’ Preference Advisor at http://www.dol.gov/elaws/vets/vetpref/choice.htm • Veterans’ Info Guide at http://www.opm.gov/veterans/html/vetguide.asp • The http://jobsearch.usajobs.gov/veteranscenter/ section of the USAJOBS Web site

  8. Spouse Employment • Military Spouse Preference • Apply 30 days before to six months after sponsor's relocation regardless of information listed under the “Who May Apply” section • Meet another hiring category (Veterans Recruitment Appointment, reinstatement eligible, etc.) • Enter the date of sponsor relocation and the location of the new duty station in the “Others” block under “Additional Information of My Resume” • Provide copies: • Sponsor's Permanent Change of Station orders • Notification of Personnel Action, SF-50

  9. Where to Locate Federal Government Jobs • See Federal Job Listing Web Sites handout • Additional Resources

  10. How to Search for a Federal Government Job • Visit the Tutorial on the USAJOBS Web site • http://www.usajobs.gov/firsttimers.asp • step-by-step process of how to search for federal government jobs See How to Search for Federal Government Jobs handout

  11. Creating an Account • See How to Create an Account handout • Review the steps in the handout • step 7: Creating a Résumé

  12. Building Your Federal Résumé • USAJOBS ResumeBuilder • Allows you to create one uniform résumé • Work Smart: build your résumé once, use for all job opportunities • Existing resume • Form OF-612 • See ResumeBuilder Tutorial handout Use the Resume Builder Tutorial onthe USAJOBS Web site for a step-by-step guide on how to develop your federal résumé

  13. Résumé and KSA Tips • Attend the Résumé and Cover Letters class offered by the CRMC • Pay attention to keywords • Study job announcements • Remember: • Just one keyword can have tremendous power and deliver a huge message • A single keyword communicates multiple skills and qualifications

  14. Résumé and KSA Tips (Cont.) • Be concise • Sell yourself • Be judicious • Use numbers to highlight your accomplishments

  15. How to View Announcements • Reference USAJOBS Web site tutorial for the steps of viewing job announcements • See How to View Announcements and Apply for Jobs handout • Steps 1 through 11

  16. Applying for Jobs Online • See How to View Announcements and Apply for Jobs handout • Steps 12 through 21 • Provides details on how to apply for federal government jobs directly from the USAJOBS Web site

  17. Using the Job Search Agent • Identifies the types of jobs and locations for employment you are interested in • Searches the database of jobs for matches • Notifies you when future jobs are posted that match your profile • See Using the Job Search Agenthandout

  18. Summary and Lessons Learned Today, we have: • Learned about eligibility requirements for federal government jobs • Learned how and where to look for federal government jobs • Learned how to apply for federal government jobs, using the online federal resume • Looked at tips on how to construct a federal résumé and KSAs