Junior Literary Terms. Active Voice / Passive Voice (11). Active Voice. Active Voice In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts. Passive Voice
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In sentences written in active voice, the subject performs the action expressed in the verb; the subject acts.
One can change the normal word order of many active sentences (those with a direct object) so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive
A form of logical fallacy in which a statement or claim is assumed to be true without evidence other than the statement or claim itself. When one begs the question, the initial assumption of a statement is treated as already proven without any logic to show why the statement is true in the first place.
There are two types of clauses - dependent (incomplete idea or fragment) needs to lean on other clauses to become a sentence
and independent (complete ideas or sentence) stands alone. It doesn’t need any help from any other clauses.
3. A COMPLEX SENTENCE has one dependent clause (headed by a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun ) joined to an independent clause.
Parallel Structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. This can happen at three levels:
Mary likes hiking, swimming, and to ride a bicycle.
Mary likes hiking, swimming, and riding a bicycle.
Parallel structure that begins with clauses must continue on with clauses.
The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game.
The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and that they should do some warm-up exercises before the game
While we usually think of parodies in relation to written work, art can also be parodied as happened to this 1656 painting of the Spanish court by Diego Velázquez , who was the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age.
The artist is standing to the left with his paintbrush and palette. Especially notice the dog, the children, and the dwarf when you look at the next slide.
Pablo Picasso painted this parody in 1957. Notice how much bigger he made the artist and how he stylized the figures and the windows. __
Words, phrases, or sentences, repeated to achieve a specific effect (other than boring students).
Sarcasm: A cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound. A form of wit that is marked by the use of sarcastic language and is intended to make its victim the butt of contempt or ridicule.-“Sure, Nascar is a real sport—anything that inspires that much Budweiser consumption must be a feat of athletic prowess!”
WASHINGTON (IWR News
Satire) – The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Monday issued a warning for Americans not to stare directly into the face of First Lady Laura Bush. CDC scientists have found that staring into Laura Bush's eyes can cause a form hysteria in which victims have a distorted view of reality. A recent example of this phenomena was observed at the annual Easter Egg hunt, when unsuspecting children, who gazed into the First Lady's face, forgot how incompetent the Bush Administration really was last August and then began singing the praises of her bungling husband and FEMA.
The most basic type of sentence is the simple sentence, which contains only one clause. All of the following are simple sentences, because each contains only one clause:
As you can see, a simple sentence can be quite long -- it is a mistake to think that you can tell a simple sentence from a compound sentence or a complex sentence simply by its length.
The most natural sentence structure is the simple sentence: it is the first kind which children learn to speak, and it remains by far the most common sentence in the spoken language of people of all ages. In written work, simple sentences can be very effective for grabbing a reader's attention or for summing up an argument, but you have to use them with care: too many simple sentences can make your writing seem childish.
When you do use simple sentences, you should add transitional phrases to connect them to the surrounding sentences.
(Note: Always say what is emphasized and why.)