Hazard Communication & Chemical Safety. Based on OSHA Standard 1910.1200. We use many chemicals…. We want you to know how to use them safely You will learn about… The Hazards of Chemicals Our Written Program How Chemicals are Labeled Safe Use of Chemicals Material Safety Data Sheets
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Based on OSHA Standard 1910.1200
We want you to know how to use them safely
You will learn about…
There are 2 basic types of chemical hazards
The first rule of Chemical safety is… "Know what you are working with and how to protect yourself and others“
Chemicals are classified as having Physical Hazards if they are
Some chemicals may be safe by themselves, but become dangerous when in contact with other substances.
Chemicals are classified as being a health hazard if they:
your lungs if you breath fumes, mists or dust
your skin if liquid or dust touches or spills on you or splashes in your eyes
your mouth if you eat after handling chemicals
accidental swallowing of a chemical
Some chemicals affect specific organs such as your kidneys, liver, reproductive or nervous system.
You can see a copy of our written program by asking you supervisor
Chemical Labels provide information on Identity, Hazards and Safe Use
All chemical containers are labeled by the manufacturer
Our company may place additional labels on the containers
Our Company “Uniform Labels” are used to ensure we have one labeling system.
These may be placed on containers when chemicals are delivered to us or chemicals are transferred to other containers
HMIS - Hazardous Material Identification System
NFPA - National Fire protection Association
Both types must identify the
chemical name and hazards
Pictures may be used to identify hazards and required protection
This Information may also be on the Manufacturer’s label
higher numbers = higher hazard
Red - Fire Hazard
Blue - Health Hazard
Yellow- Reactivity Hazard - explosive, unstable
White- Special Hazards - corrosive, radioactive, water reactive, acid
The purpose of the NFPA 704 labeling system is to provide a way of quickly identifying the various fire related hazardous associated with a particular material. The NFPA 704 "diamond" is commonly found on bulk storage containers, but is also widely used on chemical containers and MSDS sheets.
4 Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature, or that are readily dispersed in air and that will burn readily. Liquids with a flashpoint below 73ºF and a boiling point below 100ºF.
3 Liquids and solid that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Liquids with a flashpoint below 73ºF and a boiling point above 100ºF or liquids with a flashpoint above 73ºF but not exceeding 100ºF and a boiling point below 100ºF.
2 Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur. Liquids with flashpoint above 100ºF but not exceeding 200ºF.
1Materials that must be preheated before ignition can occur. Liquids that have a flashpoint above 200ºF.
0 Materials that will not burn.
4Materials that on very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury.
3Materials that on short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury.
2Materials that on intense or continued, but not chronic exposure could cause incapacitation or possible residual injury.
1 Materials that on exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury.
0 Materials that on exposure under fire conditions would offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible material.
4 Materials that in themselves are readily capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or reaction at normal temperatures and pressures.
3 Materials that in themselves are capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction but require a strong initiating source or which must be heated under confinement before initiation or which react explosively with water.
2 Materials that readily undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures or which react violently with water or which may form explosive mixtures with water.
1Materials that in themselves are normally stable, but which can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures.
0Materials that in themselves are normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and which are not reactive with water.
ACID = Acid Products
ALK = Alkali or Bases
COR = Corrosive Products
OX = Oxidizer
W =Reacts with water
if there is no label or I cannot read the label?
STOP - do not use the chemical
TELL your supervisor
READ the MSDS and have another label put on the container
If you can't find an MSDS, ask your supervisor
are provided by the chemical manufacturer to provide additional information concerning safe use of the product.
1. Common Name and Chemical Name of the material
2. Name, address and phone number of the manufacturer
3. Emergency phone numbers for immediate hazard information
4. Date the MSDS was written
5. Hazardous ingredients
6. Physical & Health Hazards of the chemicals
7. Identification of chemical and physical properties
8. First Aid / Emergency Information
9. Safe handling and use information
have specific hazard information on
Stability of Chemical..