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Introduction

Introduction

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Introduction

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  1. Introduction Safety of High Hazard Occupations Safe 4900 D. Barber Summer 2008

  2. Safety 4900 • Introductions • Background • What is this course?

  3. Introduction • Name • Where you work • Background • Interest

  4. Background • Safety Aspects of High Risk Activities • What is a belief? • Personality and Safety • Types of High Risk Activities

  5. Course Expectations • Participate • Treat each other with respect • Class Work on time • Draft work returned with comments • Complete work, don’t copy Safety 4900

  6. High Risk Jobs

  7. 80 fatalities per year

  8. Dangerous Jobs…

  9. Nanotechnology Hype or Hazard? Source: Synergist Magazine, April 2008

  10. Assignments • 2 Papers • In-Class Exercises • Safety Behavior Model (due on 6 July 08) • Final on content.

  11. Papers: • 1 – High Risk Technology, hazards and analysis. Length: 5-7 pages. • 2 – New Hazards – Regulations: adequate? inadequate. 5-7 pages

  12. Example Topics • Nanotechnology • Combustible dust • OSHA and Airlines • Teens and Summer Jobs • New Confined Space requirements

  13. Behavior Model Behavior Model, Your own design, explain, show application and usage. 5-7 pages

  14. The Obvious? High Risk Jobs…

  15. Fatality Rate: • 100 Per year Behaviors?

  16. Course Textbook: • Human Safety and • Risk Management 2nd ED. • Dr. Ian Glendon • CRC Press Safety 4900

  17. Chapters: • Chapter 1, 2, 6, 8, 9 • Please read these chapters

  18. What is Risk?

  19. Risk? • Public Risk vrs Personal Risk • Actual Risk and residual risk

  20. Behaviors and Risk • Is there a link?

  21. Psychology’s Role in Safety • Understanding the behaviors • Modeling the behaviors

  22. Questions? • Assignments? • Due Dates? • Tests • Class Work

  23. Unit 1, High Risk Technologies What is high Risk?

  24. Basis For Risk… • Rousseau: 1755 • Lisbon Earthquake >100,000 deaths 20,000 houses built in known Seismic location

  25. Risk • They recognized the risk of building the homes. Safety 4900 Unit 1

  26. Projects Risks

  27. High Reliability Organization • Organizations with fewer than normal accidents (organizations with fewer accidents) • Why does this happen? • Charles Perrow, Normal Accidents

  28. Characteristics… • Researchers have found that successful organizations in high-risk industries continually reinvent themselves • There are 5 characteristics of High Reliability Organizations: • Preoccupation with failure • Reluctance to simplify interpretations • Sensitivity to operations • Commitment to resilience • Deference to expertise

  29. Psychology’s Role • Worker Behavior • Criticism: Overly focused on blame • Model Accuracy • Training Effectiveness • Management Behavior? Safe 4900 Unit 1

  30. Management Behavior

  31. Influencing Management • Safety Culture • Safety Climate Safety 4900 Unit 1

  32. Human Error

  33. Changing world of Work • Less Social • Fragmentation of Work • Isolation of Workers • Less worker participation • Reduced Union representatives • Greater Management control Safety 4900 Unit 1

  34. Effect? • Greater Stress on Workers • More Accidents/Incidents Safety 4900 Unit 1