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OECD/DAC Project on Trade Facilitation. Caroline Lesser OECD/DAC Secretariat. What is the DAC?. Forum of 22 major bilateral donors, plus the EC (permanent observers: World Bank, IMF, UNDP)

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Oecd dac project on trade facilitation

OECD/DAC Projecton Trade Facilitation

Caroline Lesser

OECD/DAC Secretariat

What is the dac
What is the DAC?

  • Forum of 22 major bilateral donors, plus the EC (permanent observers: World Bank, IMF, UNDP)

  • Main objective: Improve aid effectiveness and ensure policy coherence for development, through common efforts

  • Main activities: monitoring of aid flows; peer reviews of development policies; sharing of good practices; guidelines.

What is the dac doing in the area of trade facilitation
What is the DAC doing in the area of trade facilitation?

  • Review of past TA/CB for trade facilitation(August - December 2005)

  • Identificationof good practices for strengthening sustainable trade facilitation capacities in developing countries (January - September 2006)

Ensure that programming and delivery of TA/CB for trade facilitation is part of broader dev. strategies and in line with aid effectiveness principles (Paris Declaration)

Why ?

Background: Increase synergies between the OECD’s work on development and its work on trade.


  • Potential contribution to increased competitiveness, development and poverty reduction

  • Significant donor support for TF measures since 2001

  • WTO “July Package” mandate


Methodology for reviewing past TA/CB (phase 1):

  • Statistical analysis of donors’ TA/CB - based on WTO/OECD TCB Database

  • Mapping of donor expertise – based on Database and list of available instruments (e.g. diagnostic tools)

  • Identify factors for “success”of TA/CB and past donor programmes that illustrate effective aid practices


Methodology for identifying good practices for strengthening TF capacities (phase 2):

  • Further elaborate on factors for “success” of TA/CB, through field research and wide consultations;

  • Leverage on existing guidance for TF reform in developing countries (World Bank, OECD, WCO, etc)

  • Investigate the role of the private sector

Identify how donors, developing country officials and the private sector can best work together

Interaction between domestic reforms donor ta cb and private sector initiatives
Interaction between domestic reforms, donor TA/CB and private sector initiatives

Private sector

(in donor and developing



Developing countries

Strengthened capacity in trade facilitation

Key preliminary results
Key private sector initiativespreliminary results

Commitments for TA/CB for TF by main donor

US $ million

Total 383.7




United Kingdom

27 %



Total 143.4

Total 125.7

United States

33 %



38 %

60 %

50 %






NB: 2002 decrease of IDA contribution due to periodicity of programming cycle.

2003 IDA figures need to be interpreted with caution.

Preliminary results are not for quotation as will be revised soon

Distribution of TA/CB by Income Group private sector initiatives

Total 2001-2003


Least Developedcountries (LDCs)



Other Low IncomeCountries

Lower Middle IncomeCountries


European countries intransition


High income developingcountries

NB: LDCs: mainly Afghanistan and Madagascar

Preliminary results are not for quotation as will be revised soon

Bilateral geographical focus
Bilateral geographical focus private sector initiatives

No. of activities, 2001-2003

Preliminary results are not for quotation as will be revised soon

Next steps
Next steps private sector initiatives

  • The review of TA/CB (phase 1) will be examined by the DAC at the end November 2005;

  • An informal group is steering this project

Thank you! private sector initiatives


http://tcbdb.wto.org (TCB Database)