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Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Industry, Trade & SMEs Trade Agreements Sectors. Egyptian Free Trade Agreements. Bilateral & Regional Trade Agreements:. Free Trade Agreements: Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA). COMESA. European Partnership. Agadir. Turkey. EFTA.

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Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Industry, Trade & SMEs Trade Agreements Sectors


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    1. Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Industry, Trade & SMEsTrade Agreements Sectors Egyptian Free Trade Agreements

    2. Bilateral & Regional Trade Agreements: Free Trade Agreements: • Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA). • COMESA. • European Partnership. • Agadir. • Turkey. • EFTA.

    3. Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA) • Contains 18 out of 22 Arab countries including:-

    4. Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA) • The agreement was started on 1/1/1998. • Full exemption on all goods (agricultural & industrial) has been applied on 1/1/2005. • The local value added must be at least 40% on the current applied rules of origin. • Egypt as a major establisher of this agreement plays a vital role in solving the implementation problems for this agreement like the lists of exemptions, non tariff barriers, agricultural Calendar and drafting the rules of origin.

    5. Great Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA) Trade indicators:

    6. Egypt vs. GAFTA

    7. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)

    8. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) • COMESA Agreement was signed on 8/12/1994, thus replacing the old PTA Agreement which was signed in 1981 & entered into force in 1982. Egypt became a member in May 1998. • COMESA Free Trade Area consists of 15 member states namely; Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

    9. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) • Eritrea applies 80% reduction on its imports from COMESA member states. • Ethiopia applies 10% reduction of the customs duties imposed on its imports from COMESA members states.

    10. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) The value added resulting from the process of production accounts for at least 35% of the ex-factory cost of the goods. COMESA applied the detailed rules of origin. COMESA launched the Customs Union during COMESA summit on 8 June 2009.

    11. Egypt trade with COMESA

    12. Egypt vs. COMESA

    13. The Egyptian-European Partnership Agreement

    14. The Egyptian-European Partnership Agreement • The agreement has come into force since 1/1/2004 with customs reduction of 25% for the Egyptian imports . • From 1/5/2004 new members have joined European Union to be 25 member countries, And this has been signed to increase agricultural exports quotas. In 1/1/2007 Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union and now EU is 28 members countries.

    15. The Egyptian-European Partnership Agreement The industrial products status: - Exemption all The Egyptian industrial products from custom tariffs at the beginning of the implementation

    16. Egyptian imports from EU industrial products

    17. Agricultural, Processed agricultural and Fish and Fishery products treatment ( Egyptian exports ) • According to the new arrangements applicable to the importation into the European Union for these products originating in Egypt which entered into force 1st of June 2010, all products not included in table 1 that is annexed to protocol 1 are duty free. A preferential treatment for some of the products listed in table 1 are indicated in table 2.

    18. Agricultural, Processed agricultural and Fish and Fishery products treatment ( Egyptian imports) • According to the new arrangements applicable to the importation into Egypt for these products originating in the European community which entered into force 1st of June 2010, all products not included in table 1 that is annexed to protocol 2 are duty free. A preferential treatment for some of the products listed in table 1 are indicated in table 2 .

    19. RULES OF ORIGIN • Protocol III outlines the rules of origin under the agreement. Both parties will apply the Pan-Euro-Med rules of origin, which allow goods produced from materials originating in any Euro-Med countries to enter the EU market with preferences.

    20. The Egyptian-European Partnership Agreement

    21. Egypt vs. EU

    22. Agadir Agreement

    23. Agadir Agreement • Agadir Agreement (AA) was signed in the city of Rabat, Morocco on 25 February, 2004 between Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia. • The aim of the Agreement is to establish a Free Trade area among Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan for the purpose of developing economic activity, supporting employment, increasing productivity, and improving living standards within the Member Countries.

    24. Agadir Agreement • Exemption of all the customs duties and taxes with similar effect on all the products. • Agadir Agreement implements the Euro – Med Rules of Origin.

    25. Agadir Agreement

    26. Egypt vs. Agadir

    27. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement • Egypt–Turkey Free Trade Agreement was signed on 27/12/2005. The ratified FTA came into effect on 1/3/2007 in a context governed by the Euro-Med process.

    28. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement The industrial products status: - Exemption all The Egyptian industrial products from custom tariffs at the beginning of the implementation.

    29. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement Industrial Products treatment under the agreement (Egyptian imports)

    30. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement Agricultural, Processed Agricultural, and Fishery Products treatment under the agreement • Concessions on agricultural, processed agricultural, and fishery products are outlined in Protocol II. The two parties have agreed to grant each other concessions either as tariff rate quotas (TRQs) or tariff reductions on agricultural, processed agricultural, and fishery products. The two parties exchanged the same concessions on processed agricultural products. • Both parties agreed to extend the existing concessions in agriculture and processed agriculture products through the joint committee meetings.

    31. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement RULES OF ORIGIN • Protocol III outlines the rules of origin under the FTA. Both parties will apply the Pan-Euro-Med rules of origin, which allow goods produced from materials originating in any Euro-Med countries to enter the EU market with preferences.

    32. Egypt-Turkey Free Trade Agreement

    33. Egypt vs. Turkey

    34. Egypt & EFTA States Free Trade Agreement

    35. Egypt & EFTA States Free Trade Agreement • Egypt signed a free trade agreement with EFTA countries on 27/1/2007 in Davos and entered into force in August 2007. • EFTA member State are: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and liechtenstein

    36. Egypt & EFTA States Free Trade Agreement The industrial products status: - Egyptian exports to EFTA: shall enjoy an immediate removal of all customs duties and other charges having equivalent effect upon the entry into force of the Agreement.

    37. EGYPT AND EFTA STATESFREE TRADE AGREEMENT • Egyptian imports of industrial products

    38. EGYPT AND EFTA STATESFREE TRADE AGREEMENT • Treatment of Agriculture goods It was agreed that the agriculture file would be dealt with on a bilateral basis. A List of agriculture exports to each EFTA member country was prepared , as well as lists of imports of agriculture products from member countries, • Treatment of processed Agriculture goods Both parties agreed on the list of Egyptian exports that is to be accorded preferential treatment by EFTA countries, equivalent to the preferential treatment accorded to EU countries.

    39. EGYPT AND EFTA STATESFREE TRADE AGREEMENT Rules of origin : • Protocol (B) outlines the rules of origin under the FTA, and it defines the rules by which the products could gain the origin of the two countries in order to enjoy preferences. • Both parties will apply the Pan-Euro-Med rules of origin, which allow goods produced from materials originating in any Euro-Med countries to enter the EU market with preferences.

    40. EGYPT AND EFTA STATESFREE TRADE AGREEMENT

    41. Egypt vs. EFTA

    42. Why Egypt?! • Egypt is the gate of: • COMESA with its 19 member states • COMESA which covers more than 389 million citizen • COMESA with an export bill of $32 billion • COMESA with an import bill of $82 billion • COMESA which covers a geographical area of 12 million(sq km).

    43. Why Egypt?! • Egypt is the gate of: • GAFTA with its 18 member states • GAFTA which covers more than 362 million person • GAFTA with an export bill of $1196 billion • GAFTA with an import bill of $753 billion • GAFTA which covers a geographical area of 14.2 million(sq km).

    44. Why Egypt?! • Egypt will be a gate of: • MERCOSUR (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela) • MERCOSUR which covers more than 295 million person • MERCOSUR with an export bill of $446 billion • MERCOSUR with an import bill of $363 billion • MERCOSUR which covers a geographical area of 15 million (sq km).

    45. For more information: • Kindly visit our website: www.tas.gov.eg r.sami@tas.gov.eg Tel: 002 02 23422347 Fax: 002 02 23420496

    46. Thanks for your Attention