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Current Issues in Substance Abuse Texas Tech Counselor Education Conference 2013 Texas Tech College of Education. Bret Hendricks, EdD , LPC-Supervisor Shih-Han Huang, M. Ed, PhD in progress Phil Murphy, M. Ed in Progress. General Information of Substance Use .

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Current Issues in Substance AbuseTexas Tech Counselor Education Conference 2013Texas Tech College of Education

Bret Hendricks, EdD, LPC-Supervisor

Shih-Han Huang, M. Ed, PhD in progress

Phil Murphy, M. Ed in Progress

general information of substance use
General Information of Substance Use
  • Slightly more than half (51.8 percent) of Americans aged 12 or older reported being current drinkers (133.4 million) of alcohol in the 2011 survey
  • Nearly one quarter (22.6 percent) of persons (58.3 million) aged 12 or older participated in binge drinking at least once in the 30 days prior to the survey in 2011.
  • In 2011, heavy drinking was reported by 6.2 percent of the population aged 12 or older, or 15.9 million people.
  • In 2011, an estimated 22.5 million Americans aged 12 or older were current illicit drug users, and this estimate represents 8.7 percent of the population aged 12 or older.
general information of substance use cont
General Information of Substance Use, Cont
  • Among youths aged 12 to 17, the current illicit drug use rate (10.1 percent)was higher than the rate in 2008 (9.3 percent).
  • The rate of current use of illicit drugs among young adults aged 18 to 25 increased from 19.7 percent in 2008 to 21.4 percent in 2011.
  • In 2011, an estimated 3.1 million persons aged 12 or older used an illicit drug for the first time within the past 12 months.
  • The 2011 average age at initiation among persons aged 12 to 49 was 18.1 years
general information of substance use cont1
General Information of Substance Use, Cont
  • Illicit drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics (pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives) used nonmedically.
  • Marijuana was the most commonly used illicit drug.
  • In 2011, the illicit drug categories with the largest number of past year initiates among persons aged 12 or older were marijuana use (2.6 million) and nonmedical use of pain relievers (1.9 million).
  • In 2011, as in prior years, the rate of current illicit drug use among persons aged 12 or older was higher for males (11.1 percent) than for females (6.5 percent).
general information of substance use cont2
General Information of Substance Use, Cont
  • In 2011, the illicit drug categories with the largest number of past year initiates among persons aged 12 or older were marijuana use (2.6 million) and nonmedical use of pain relievers (1.9 million).
  • In 2011, as in prior years, the rate of current illicit drug use among persons aged 12 or older was higher for males (11.1 percent) than for females (6.5 percent).
general information of substance use cont3
General Information of Substance Use, Cont
  • Figure 2.1 Illicit Drug Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: 2011
treatment
Treatment
  • In 2011, 3.8 million persons aged 12 or older (1.5 percent of the population) received treatment for a problem related to the use of alcohol or illicit drugs.
  • Of these, 1.2 million received treatment for the use of both alcohol and illicit drugs, 0.8 million received treatment for the use of illicit drugs but not alcohol, and 1.4 million received treatment for the use of alcohol but not illicit drugs.
treatment cont
Treatment Cont’

Figure 7.7 Locations Where Past Year Substance Use Treatment Was Received among Persons Aged 12 or Older: 2011

theories used in treatment
Theories Used in Treatment
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(depression,thebigcomplicationofthislensissuicide)
  • Behavioral Therapy
  • Solution Focused Brief Therapy
  • Functional Family Therapy
more information needed regarding
More Information Needed Regarding
  • Treatment of Women
  • Treatment issue of young children
  • LGBTQ population: diverse groups within this population
k 2 spice contradiction between federal government and local
K-2/ Spice: Contradiction between Federal Government and Local
  • On March 1, 2011, DEA published a final order in the Federal Register temporarily placing five synthetic cannabinoids into Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) . As a result of this order, the full effect of the CSA and its implementing regulations including criminal, civil and administrative penalties, sanctions, and regulatory controls of Schedule I substances will be imposed on the manufacture, distribution, possession, importation and exportation of these synthetic cannabinoids.
reference
Reference

Caldwell, R. M, Silver, N. C., & Strada, M. (2010). Substance abuse, familial factors, and mental health:

Exploring racial and ethnic group differences among Afican American, Caucasian, and Hispanic Juvenile

Offender. The American Journal of Family Therapy , 38, 310-321.

Castro, F. G. & Alarcon, E. H. (2002). Integrating cultural variables into drug abuse prevention and treatment with

racial /ethnic minorities. The Journal of Drug Issues, 32, 783-810.

Gaines, T. (2012). Who’s Molly? Hip-hop’s newest designer drug. The Grio: NBC News. Retrieved from

http://thegrio.com/2012/09/19/whos-molly-hip-hops-newest-designer-drug/

Goebert, D. & Nishimura, S. (2011). Comparision of substance abuse treatment utilization and preferences among

Native Hawaiians, Asian American, and Euro American. Journal Substance Use, 16(2), 161-170.

Haiken, M. (2012, Jun 13). "Spice" and K2 vs. "Bath Salts": The Other Designer Drug Scare.

Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/melaniehaiken/2012/06/13/spice-vs-bath-salts-the-other-designer-drug-scare/2/

Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2013). Monitoring

the Future national results on drug use: 2012 Overview, Key Findings on Adolescent Drug Use. Ann

Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.

Kim, E. K. (2013, Jan 4). Disturbing Navy PSA depicts horrors of 'bath salts‘. Retrieved

from http://todaynews.today.com/_news/2013/01/04/16348867-disturbing-navy-

psa-depicts-horrors-of-bath-salts?lite

Marder, J. (2012). The drug that never lets go. Retrieved from

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/multimedia/bath-salts/

Matthews, C. R. & Lorah, P. (2005). An examination of addiction treatment completion by gender and ethnicity.

Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling , 25, 114-125.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration .(2011). Results from the 2011 National Survey on

Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings. Retrieved from

http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k11Results/NSDUHresults2011.pdf

WebMD. (2012). K2 trend not slowing down. Retrieved from

http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20120924/k2-trend-not-slowing-down