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Sparta Under Roman Rule. Important Dates. Classical (Archaic) Agoge Early 6 th century to c. 270-250 B.C. Hellenistic (Cleomenean) Agoge 226-188 B.C.  Roman Agoge 146 B.C to Fourth Century A.D. . The Spartan Agoge.

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Important dates
Important Dates

  • Classical (Archaic) Agoge Early 6th century to c. 270-250 B.C.

  • Hellenistic (Cleomenean) Agoge 226-188 B.C.

  •  Roman Agoge 146 B.C to Fourth Century A.D.


The spartan agoge
The Spartan Agoge

  • General education began around the age of seven and boys were placed in age groups (Agalai)

  • Agelai were subject to numerous competitive events and staged battles.

  • Moa (Vocal Prowess Competition), Keloia (Hunting Cry Competition) and the Katheratorion (Mimed Dance or Hunt Competition)

  • The Temple of Artemis Orthia was the center of the agoge’s activities

  • Promoted Spartan Pride and Identity.

  • Successful completion of the public system of up-bringing, the agoge, was a pre-requisite for Spartan citizenship.

  • Spartan education was famed for its exceptional harshness and emphasis on physical skills and endurance.

  • The agoge was not simply an education system; it provided a sense of respect and obligation for all men


Age groups of the later agoge
Age Groups of the Later Agoge

  • Age Hellenistic Phase Roman Phase

  • 14 rhobidas -

  • 15 promikizomenos -

  • 16 mikizomenos mikichizomenos

  • 17 propais pratopampais

  • 18 pais hatropampais

  • 19 melleiren melleiren

  • 20 eiren eiren



Pictures and facts about the temple of artemis orthia
Pictures and facts about the Temple Of Artemis Orthia

In this area of the sanctuary which is located in the ancient "demos" (district) of Limnes at Sparta, the excavations conducted by the British Archaeological School at Athens, at the beginning of the century, revealed remains of successive phases in the construction of the temple of Artemis Orthia. The last phase is dated to the Hellenistic period but interventions were also made in the temple , during the Roman period.


Sparta under roman rule


Sparta under roman rule

  • The marble shaped amphitheatre which is nowadays preserved in good condition. This construction was used by worshippers and people attending the ceremonies and the games of youths, which were taking place at the area of the sanctuarystelai depicting sickles and the inscribed altars are connected with their donors. These were children which had successfully passed the test of whipping before they could enter the adolescents' teams.



Bibliography
Bibliography was made of stone slabs.

  • Kennel, Nigel. ­The Gymnasium of Virtue: Education and Culture in Ancient Sparta. London: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

  • Plutarch. Trans. John Dryden. ­Life of Lycurgus. http://classics.mit.edu/Plutarch/lycurgus.html

  • Xenophon. Ed. E.J. Brill. Sparta. “The Policy of the Lacedaemonians.” New York: Brill, 1987.