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India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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India. “India’s story is one of the grand epics of world history” (Lonely Planet). 2 nd most populated country in the world; 1.2 billion people. Birthplace of 3 major religions  Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Fastest growing economy in the world. Land of contrasts…. Brief history.

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india

India

“India’s story is one of the grand epics of world history” (Lonely Planet).

slide3

2nd most populated country in the world; 1.2 billion people.

  • Birthplace of 3 major religions  Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism.
  • Fastest growing economy in the world.
  • Land of contrasts…
brief history
Brief history
  • Rise and fall of warring states, empires, invasions and conquests.
  • Foreign rule destroyed and rebuilt India.
  • Traders brought new languages and culture.
  • Impacted dramatically by colonization
slide6

History dates back 400,000 years to hunters and gatherers.

  • 500 BC settled in the Indus Valley and began farming and raising livestock.
    • Sophisticated cities socially, politically and economically.
  • Vedic Ages  1500-1000 BC
    • Brought the Aryans, Hinduism and caste system.
slide8

600 BC trading began which led to urbanization.

  • 1206 Islam was established in the north.
  • 1498-1858 began European invasion by the Portuguese, French and British.
british raj
British Raj
  • 1858-1947  British Raj and total control of India by the British.
    • Caste system strengthened
    • Forced Indians into cash crops and mining.
    • Set up British style of government.
    • English official language.
  • British Raj created impoverished and landless peasants; continues today.
gandhi and independence
Gandhi and Independence
  • 1915  Gandhi began civil disobedience against the British.
    • Civil Disobedience  defy laws and take punishment.
  • 1930 Salt March against the British monopoly on salt was largest movement.
  • British agree to independence in 1947.
partition
Partition
  • Gandhi wanted all of British India to become one independent country.
  • 1947 independence and partition.
    • Partition  Split British India between Hindus (India) and Pakistan (Muslims).
  • Jan 1948  Gandhi assassinated by fundamentalist Hindu.
india today
India Today
  • New government became a mix of traditional with modernization.
  • Largest democracy in the world.
  • Appalling poverty along with more millionaires that the U.S.
  • ½ of India lives in poverty.
    • 35% make less than 1$ a day.
1947 vs today
1947 vs. today
  • Population  350 vs. 1.2 billion.
  • Literacy rate  18% vs. 62%
  • Urbanization  10% vs. 27%
  • Life expectancy  40 vs. 63
major accomplishments
Major accomplishments
  • Major member of the global economy.
  • “Green Revolution” made India self sufficient in food production.
  • Largest export are garments and jewelry.
  • Better diets, controlled famine, less disease.
cultural uniqueness
Cultural uniqueness
  • Thousands of festivals large and small.
  • Traditional irrigation methods still used.
    • 70% of Indians depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
  • Food and drank variety from simple to extravagant; staple is rice, dhal, stewed meats, spices, bread and vegetables.
  • Marriage and family are at the center of life; most rural marriages are arranged.