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The Renaissance Beyond Italy:. Innovations on the Italian Motif. I. The Renaissance in Italy: Characteristics. A Spirit of Optimism Recovery from an “unhappy condition” The Little Ice Age, Black Death, endemic warfare Economic solvency: the opening of the East Political autonomy

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the renaissance beyond italy

The Renaissance Beyond Italy:

Innovations on the Italian Motif

i the renaissance in italy characteristics
I. The Renaissance in Italy: Characteristics
  • A Spirit of Optimism
    • Recovery from an “unhappy condition”
      • The Little Ice Age, Black Death, endemic warfare
    • Economic solvency: the opening of the East
    • Political autonomy
  • The embrace of Antiquity
    • Selective borrowing: orators and the state
    • WHY?
      • Search for new models
      • Italian, Urban, Cosmopolitan, non-feudal, culturally unified
  • Christianity as Core
slide3
II. Humanism: the Italian philosophy “of life”
  • Renaissance humanitas
  • Two main tenets
    • bene beatique vivendi ars: the art of living well and holy
      • The active vs. the comtemplative
    • homo faber: man as maker/doer
  • Implications
    • Centrality/dignity of man
    • Reason vs. Eloquence
iii propagating the spirit the studia humanitatis
III. Propagating the spirit: the studia humanitatis
  • Subjects:
    • Grammar
      • “cleaning up” the texts
      • Relevance to contemporary context
    • Rhetoric
    • History
    • Moral philosophy
    • Poetry
  • Vs. the seven liberal arts
    • Trivium & Quadrivium
  • Implications
iv changed realities italy by 1500
IV. Changed Realities: Italy by 1500
  • The rise of signorie
    • Causes
    • Implications
  • Loss of Economic Dominance
    • The move north
    • Oceanic trade
  • The Italian Wars
    • The Italian “Surrender”
    • Emigration
  • The Counter-Reformation
  • Consequences & Implications
v the northern renaissance
V. The “Northern Renaissance”
  • Definition
  • Common Attributes
    • Embrace and patronage of the arts/literature
    • Centrality of the court
      • Education and civility
      • Political theory and centralization
    • Adoption of Humanism
    • Chaos of the Reformations
vi dissemination
VI. Dissemination
  • Human “bearers of knowledge”
  • Oral, manuscript, print
  • Humanist influence
    • Demand & supply
    • Founding humanist schools/universities
    • Informal academies
vi humanism in the north
VI. Humanism in the North
  • Curriculum & tools
  • The embrace of the classics
  • A specific sort of inquiry: the self
    • Dignity of man/worth of woman
    • Self-fashioning & reactions thereto
  • The triumph of the vernacular
  • Influence of the printing press
  • Influence of religion
christian humanism social regeneration through education
Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536)

Erasmus’ Christian Humanism

Educational reform

Eloquence vs. dialectic

Scholarship

new editions of ancient texts

New Testament in Greek (1516)

Education of a Christian Prince (1516)

The Praise of Folly (1511)

The “Phisolophia Christi”

Implications

Christian Humanism: Social Regeneration Through Education
slide10
Thomas More (1478-1535)
    • More’s Christian Humanism
      • History
      • Political theory
        • The role of government
        • The Humanist as counselor
    • Utopia (1516)
      • Raphael Hathloday & the island
      • The attributes of “no place”
    • Implications
      • Human reason & morality