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Renaissance Science. What helped the development of science in the Renaissance (14 th – 16 th centuries)?. Renaissance Science. The invention of a movable type printing press. How books are made?. What’s the difference here?. Gutenberg’s Printing Press.

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renaissance science
Renaissance Science
  • What helped the development of science in the Renaissance (14th – 16th centuries)?

Renaissance Science

The invention of a movable type printing press

How books are


What’s the

difference here?

gutenberg s printing press
Gutenberg’s Printing Press
  • Gutenberg invented a movable type of printing press in 1438.
  • Printers in other countries soon learned to use this new invention.
  • Books could be printed more quickly and their price fell.
  • People could now afford to buy books.
  • Ideas and learning spread easily when more people read books.
  • People increased their interest in science.
church influence declined
Church influence declined
  • In Middle Age, people accepted what the Church told them.
  • The Great Schism reduced people’s faith to the Church. (mentioned before)
  • In Renaissance people questioned Church beliefs and used scientific ways to solve problem.
famous renaissance scientist
Famous Renaissance scientist
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • famous in art

What is 'Universal Man'?

da vinci s innovation7
da Vinci’s innovation

Can you find more?


Renaissance Science

Copernicus (哥白尼)(1473 - 1543)

  • A Polish astronomer

Renaissance Science

Look at the picture. Can you tell the discovery of Copernicus in science?

his achievement
His achievement
  • One of his achievements in science was about his discovery in astronomy.
  • Before this discovery, the Church told the people that the earth was the centre of the universe.
  • Yet Copernicus found out that the sun, and not the earth, was the centre of the universe.
  • Was his discovery ‘revolutionary’?

Galileo(伽利略) (1564 - 1642)

Study the story of Galileo in textbook

galileo s discovery
Galileo’s discovery
  • He discovered that things of the same shape and size but with different weights fell to the ground at the same speed.
what is it what importance did this invention have who would find it useful
What is it? What importance did this invention have? Who would find it useful?

He also made the world’s first telescope.


Look at the picture. Can you tell another achievement of Galileo in science?

He discovered the pendulum

theory, which was later used

by people to make clocks and


galileo s sin
Galileo’s sin?
  • The Church believed in Aristotle’s theory that the sun moved round the Earth.
  • Galileo supported Copernicus’ sun-centred idea.
  • Galileo was persecuted by the Church for this because he did not accept his ‘fault’.
  • He was punished for holding different ideas. Does this happen now?