chapter 11 adolescence l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 11: Adolescence PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 11: Adolescence

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Chapter 11: Adolescence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 439 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 11: Adolescence. Dr. Arra PSY 232. Adolescence . Adolescence: transitional period between childhood and adulthood (11-22) COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT (11-22) Piaget’s Formal Operational Stage Abstract thinkers Scientific thinkers Infer Deduce Idealistic. Adolescence. ‘Greenpeacers’

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 11: Adolescence' - Thomas


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
adolescence
Adolescence

Adolescence: transitional period between childhood and adulthood (11-22)

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT (11-22)

Piaget’s Formal Operational Stage

  • Abstract thinkers
  • Scientific thinkers
  • Infer
  • Deduce
  • Idealistic
adolescence3
Adolescence
  • ‘Greenpeacers’
  • Adolescents tend to develop these skills in areas of knowledge depth, but not in all subject areas
adolescence4
Adolescence

General Cognitive Development

  • Better able to attend then individuals in Middle Childhood
  • Develop more strategies for solving problems in creative ways
  • Crystallized knowledge increases
  • Development of metacognition
adolescence5
Adolescence
  • Cognitive self-regulation improves
  • Processing speed increases
  • Processing capacity increases
adolescence6
Adolescence

CONSEQUENCES OF ABSTRACT THOUGHT

  • Argumentativeness: can pool facts and ideas to build a case; not a pliable school-age child

Heightened self-consciousness and self-focusing (IA & PF)

adolescence7
Adolescence

David Elkind: Characteristics of Adolescent thought (IMMATURITY)

  • Idealistic, critical: find fault with the way adults are running world; believe they know a better way
  • Imaginary Audience: all eye’s on me
  • Personal Fable: their life is so special and unique
  • Cognitive distortions
adolescence8
Adolescence

Elkind

  • Indecisiveness: due to inexperience, adolescents lack strategies for choosing amongst alternatives
  • Apparent hypocrisy: adolescents have trouble between expressing ideals and living up to that ideal

EX: Meat is murder; wear leather shoes

adolescence9
Adolescence

Planning and decision making

  • Often feel overwhelmed by the possibilities
  • Efforts to choose among alternatives is poor
  • May act on habit or impulse, or make no decision at all
  • Why? Because they have so many more opportunities then they did in Middle Childhood
  • As they gather more experience, they make choices with greater confidence
adolescence10
Adolescence

Self-efficacy and Academic Motivation

  • Self efficacy: students who think that they can master academic material and regulate their own learning are more likely to achieve academically then students who do not believe in their own abilities (Bandura)
adolescence11
Adolescence

SELF EFFICACY AND ACADEMIC MOTIVATION

Profile of a self-regulated learner

  • Set goals for themselves
  • Implement strategies to achieve them
  • Persistent
  • Seek help when necessary
adolescence12
Adolescence

Factors that strengthen children’s achievement

  • Parental beliefs/support
  • SES
  • Peer influence
  • Parent’s own perceived self efficacy
adolescence13
Adolescence

USE OF TIME

  • How well adolescents use their time effects academic achievement
  • Extracurricular activities
  • Household chores
  • Jobs
  • Time spent with friends
adolescence14
Adolescence

LEARNING IN SCHOOL

  • School transitions can create adjustment problems
  • Academic and behavioral problems
  • What have schools done to ease the transitions?
  • Adolescents with strains such as family disruptions and parental unemployment are at the greatest risk for behavioral, emotional, and academic problems
adolescence15
Adolescence

LEARNING IN SCHOOL

  • Consider effects of different parenting styles on learning/achievement
  • Parent/school partnerships
  • Part-time work, no more than 15 hrs./wk., can develop negative work ethics
adolescence16
Adolescence

DROPPING OUT

  • Rate is 11% in U.S. and Canada
  • Rate is particularly high among low SES youths

EFFECTS

  • Lower literacy rates
  • Lack skills valued by employers
  • Leads to low employment rates
  • End up in menial, low paying jobs
adolescence17
Adolescence

PREVENTION STRATEGIES

(at-risk, marginal students)

  • High quality vocational training
  • Remedial instruction
  • Participation in extracurricular activities – draws students into the community life of the school