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Zika Virus and Zika Fever: Things to Know for Protection

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Zika Virus and Zika Fever: Things to Know for Protection
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Zika Virus and Zika Fever: Things to Know for Protection

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  1. ZikaVirus Protection and Zika Fever: Things to Know for 03-02-2016BySehat WorldHealthOrganizationhasalreadydeclaredZikavirusinfectionapublichealthemergency. ZikavirusisamosquitobornviruscausingneurologicalbirthdisorderintheAmericas.The governmentsofsixAmericancountrieshaveadvisedtheirwomenpopulationtopostpone pregnancytillspreadofthevirusiscontrolled. ZikavirusoriginatedintheZikaforestsinUgandain1947.Itwasfirstdetectedinamonkeyin theforest.Thenitwasdetectedinahumanbeingin1952.TwolineagesofZikavirushavebeen identifiedtilldate.ThesearetheAfricanlineageandtheAsianlineage.

  2. HowZikaVirusInfectionSpreads Zikafeverisaninfectiousdisease.ItspreadsthroughtransmissionofZikavirusthroughAedes aegyptimosquitoes.Aedesmosquitoesspreadthevirusbybitinginfectiouspersons.Thisdeadly virusisalsocarriedbyotherspeciesofmosquitosuchasAedesAfricanus,AedesHensilliand AedesUnilineatus.Thesemosquitoesaremostlyactiveduringdaytime,particularlyfromlate afternoontillevening.Zikavirusspreadsthroughperinataltransmissionaswell.Achildmayget affectedfromaninfectedmotherduringdelivery.Aninfectedpersonmaytransmitthevirus throughsexualintercourse,butchancesareveryless. ZikaVirusInfection:SignsandSymptoms Zikafeverissimilartoyellowfever,dengueandJapaneseencephalitis.Themostcommon symptomsofZikafeverareheadache,conjunctivitis(redeyes),jointpain,vomitingandrashon theskin.AmajorityofinfectedindividualsdonotshowthesignsorsymptomsofZikafeveron time.Inmostcases,thesymptomssurfacewithin3to10daysoftheinfection.Untimelyand irregularsurfacingofthesymptomsisaseriousconcernforpregnantwomensincethevirusmay passtothebabyinthewombthroughamnioticfluid.

  3. WhyZikaFeverisaSeriousConcern ThegrimmestconsequenceofZikavirusinfectionisneurologicaldisorderamonginfants. Microcephaly,aneurologicaldisorderthatmostlyaffectsthenewborn,inhibitsphysical developmentofbabiesatthegrowingstage.Itaffectsthebraindevelopmentofinfantsinthe wombitself.Theaffectedbabiesarebornwithabnormallysmallheads.Evidently,Zikafeveris analarmingconcern. WhereIncidenceofZikaFeverisHigh CasesofZikafeveraremostlybeingreportedinBrazil,Bolivia,CapeVerde,Haiti,Guatemala, Mexico,Panama,Samoa,SaintMartin,Suriname,VirginIslands,andtheU.S.SinceNovember 2015,around4200casesofZikavirusinfectionamongthenewbornhavebeenregisteredin Brazil.Microcephalyhascausedthedeathof51babiessofar. PossibleProtectionagainstZikaVirus Asofnow,thereisnoproperorreliabletreatmentforZikavirusinfection.Infectedindividuals areadvisedtogetrestanddrinkfluidsinplenty.Theproblemworsensinthedehydratedstateof thebody;soavoiddehydration.Intakeoffevermedicineslikeparacetamoloracetaminophenis recommended.Aspirinandothernon-steroidalanti-inflammatorydrugs(NSAIDs)areprohibited

  4. inthiscase.ThebestprotectionistoavoidtravelingtothecountrieswhereZikavirusinfectioninthiscase.ThebestprotectionistoavoidtravelingtothecountrieswhereZikavirusinfection caseshavebeenreported.IfyouhavetotraveltoacountrywithactiveZikavirusinfestationfor someunavoidablepurpose,makesuretotakeprotectivemeasurestokeepmosquitoesaway.You canuseamosquitorepellentandcoveryourselfinclothesincludingfullsleeveshirtsandankle lengthpants.Itissafetostayinanair-conditionedroomwithamosquitonet. ReadmoreaboutDiagnostictests.