frankenstein or the modern prometheus l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 32

Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 418 Views
  • Uploaded on

Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus. Mary Shelley, 1818 How many truly horrible things can happen to one person?. Shelley’s Sad, Sad Life. Father-William Godwin, radical philosopher Mother-Mary Wollstonecraft, noted feminist intellectual, died shortly after childbirth

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus' - Samuel


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
frankenstein or the modern prometheus
Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus
  • Mary Shelley, 1818

How many truly horrible things can happen to one person?

shelley s sad sad life
Shelley’s Sad, Sad Life
  • Father-William Godwin, radical philosopher
  • Mother-Mary Wollstonecraft, noted feminist intellectual, died shortly after childbirth
  • Husband-Percey Bysse Shelley, Romantic poet, died in drowning accident
  • Three of Shelley’s four children died before age three; a miscarriage with a fifth child nearly killed Shelley
frankenstein and shelley s life
Frankenstein and Shelley’s Life
  • Some schools of criticism, including Karen Karbiener’s introductory remarks, connect the ideas and events in Frankenstein to Shelley’s life.
  • Karbiener and others also connect the text to the Romantic Period – Percey Shelley and Lord Byron were noted Romantic poets.
so you say you want a revolution roots of romanticism
So You Say You Want a Revolution!..Roots of Romanticism
  • Will the French Revolution do?
  • 1789…this changes everything!
  • Established hierarchies, monarchies, religious beliefs…all these long held values were subject to change.
enter the age of the romantics
Enter the Age of the Romantics
  • In Art and Literature, the French Revolution is seen as ushering in the age of Romanticism.
what s it mean
What’s It Mean?

ro·man·ti·cism  (r -m n t -s z m)

n.

1. often Romanticism An artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century and characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions.

2. Romantic quality or spirit in thought, expression, or action.

nature
Nature
  • Seen as antidote to harmful effects of urbanization
  • Touring beautiful scenery a new leisure activity of the time
  • Landscape endowed with human life, passion and expressiveness (feelings previously given to God)
joseph william turner 1775 1851
Joseph William Turner 1775-1851
  • His paintings transformed from conventional landscapes to expressive, spontaneous, intense imagery.
emphasis on the individual
Emphasis on the Individual
  • Poets see themselves as chosen sons (and daughters!) or Bards
  • Hero is self-sufficient
  • Habit of spurning human connections
  • High Value on human potential and power
individualism the risk
Individualism: The Risk
  • Renaissance and Reformation writers (that is, pre-Romanticism) were very much concerned with too much individualism.
  • After all, the sin of pride is one of the Seven Deadly Sins.
do you remember the story of prometheus
Do you remember the story of Prometheus?
  • Prometheus enrages Zeus by stealing fire to give to man.
  • His punishment is to be chained to a rock and have his liver pecked out by eagle. It regenerates each night.
  • Hercules frees him.
why is prometheus part of the title
Why is Prometheus part of the title?
  • The myth of Prometheus was popular with the Romantic poets. Why would it appeal to them?
milton s paradise lost
Milton’s Paradise Lost
  • Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17-th century English poet John Milton.
  • The poem concerns the Fall of Man.
  • Adam and Eve are tempted by God’s fallen angel Satan.
satan is curiously appealing
Satan is Curiously Appealing
  • Or so says the Romantic poet, artist, critic William Blake
  • The reason Milton wrote in fetters when he wrote of Angels & God, and at liberty when of Devils & Hell, is because he was a true Poet and of the Devil's party without knowing it.
  • — From The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (ca. 1790–93)
hmm let s think about this
Hmm…let’s think about this…
  • Compare Satan (as Milton’s literary character) and Prometheus.
  • How are they similar?
  • How are they different?
  • Why are they both referenced in Frankenstein?
hubris
Hubris
  • What is Hubris?
  • What does it have to do with Frankenstein?
your pal aristotle it s his definition
Your Pal: Aristotle…it’s his definition
  • Hubris --Greek word for pride or insolence.
  • Hubris is the defect of character that leads the tragic hero to disregard all warnings of impending disaster and thereby hastens the catastrophe.
whew back to the definition of romanticism
Whew…Back to the definition of Romanticism…
  • But first, do you want to look at a painting by Goya?
  • He was a Romantic painter.
  • And he’s really awesome!!!
slide20

Goya– He’s the Man!

  • Here’s Saturn devouring one of his children.
do you feel better now i know i do more on definition of romanticism
Do you feel better now? I know I do!!!More on definition of Romanticism
  • Departure from established forms and conventions.
  • Shelley’s Frankenstein does this by mixing up various forms (letters, oral confessions, narration) and by including philosophy.
epistolery novel
Epistolery Novel
  • A novel written in the form of a corespondence between characters.
  • Became popular in the 18th century when the novel was still new because it could make it seem as though the novel were a true account. Also give different viewpoints of different characters.
  • In what way does Frankenstein fit this form?
from the epistle letter
From the epistle (letter):
  • Robert Walton:
  • “One man’s life or death were but a small price to pay for the acquirement of the knowledge which I sought; for the dominion I should acquire and transmit over the elemental foes of our race.”
a warning frankenstein s response
A Warning…Frankenstein’s Response
  • “Unhappy man! Do you share my madness? Have you drank also of the intoxicating draught? Hear me—let me reveal my tale, and you will dash the cup from your lips!”
  • What is Frankenstein’s warning? What is the “intoxicating draught” that Walton should avoid at all costs?
supernatural elements
Supernatural Elements
  • The Romantics loved bewitchings, hauntings and other events that violate natural laws and the ordinary course of events.
shelley s final novel
Shelley’s final novel
  • The Last Man
  • Set in 21st century, a plague destroys all of humankind except for one survivor, the novel’s narrator.
how s that for aloneness
How’s that for aloneness?
  • Loneliness and alienation are central themes of Frankenstein and they mirror Shelley’s life.
  • Poor lass…let’s spy on her journal!
slide28
“To hang back, as I do, brings a penalty. I was nursed and fed with a love of glory. To be something great and good was the precept given me by my father; Shelley reiterated it…But Shelley died, and I was alone…My total friendlessness, my horror of pushing, and inability to put myself forward unless led, cherished and supported—all this has sunk me into a state of loneliness no other human being ever before, I believe, endured—except Robinson Crusoe...”
or more simply
Or More Simply

Alone---alone---all—all—alone

Upon the wide, wide sea---

And God will not take pity on

My soul in agony!

and finally
And finally…
  • How much does Frankenstein reflect its author’s life?
  • How much does it reflect ideals of the Romantic period?
  • How much does it become its own work, apart from biographical and historical context?