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PASSIVE SENTENCES. OUTLINE. Passive voice Change in order Change in verb phrase By-agent Double-object passive Have/get something done Passive with reporting verbs. PASSIVE VOICE. A: Our friends denied the evidence P: The evidence was denied by our f. Changes in order

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OUTLINE

  • Passive voice

  • Change in order

  • Change in verb phrase

  • By-agent

  • Double-object passive

  • Have/get something done

  • Passive with reporting verbs


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PASSIVE VOICE

  • A: Our friends denied the evidence

  • P: The evidence was denied by our f.

  • Changes in order

  • Changes in the verb phrase


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PASSIVE VOICE

  • Changes in order

  • Active subject becomes by –agent

  • Object becomes Passive subject


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PASSIVE VOICE

  • Verb Phrase

  • Formula: verb “to be”= tense active +past participle of the active verb

  • Ex: Lucas cleans his room everyday

  • Ex: The room is cleaned by Lucas every day


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PASSIVE VOICE

  • CHART ON TENSES


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PASSIVE SENTENCES

  • BY-AGENT

  • POSITION: AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE

  • FORM:

  • I/You/he/she/we/they will bring some flowers

  • Some flowers will be brought by Me/you/him/her/us/them


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Passive Agent

  • When is by-agent not required?

  • Three situations:

  • We don´t know who the agent is

  • It is not important nor relevant

  • We don´t want to mention the agent

  • EX. A lot of money was stolen in the robbery

  • Ex: This room was cleaned yesterday


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DOUBLE-OBJECT PASSIVE

  • VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS:

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  • Both direct and indirect objects can become the subject of the passive sentence

  • EX: We gave information to the police

  • Ex: The police was given some information

  • EX: Some information was given to the police

  • Person objects are more likely to appear as subjects


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HAVE/ GET SOMETHING DONE

  • Situation: The roof of Jill´s house was damaged in a storm, so she arranged for somebody to repair it. Yesterday a workman came and did the job


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HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE

  • Structure:

  • Subject ( recipient of the action)*+ Have or get( inflected) +object( upon which some action has been done) +past participle.


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HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE

  • Ex. My car has just broken down. They will repair it at the garage

  • EX: I´ll get/ I´ll have my car repaired

  • Ex: Some stole our money while we were lying on the beach

  • Ex: We had / got our money stolen while we were lying on the beach


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PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS

  • LOOK AT THE EXAMPLES

  • People say Jules is only thirty years old

  • It is said that Jules is only thirty years old

  • Jules is said to be only thirty years old


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PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS

  • THINK, BELIEVE, CONSIDER, REPORT, KNOW, EXPECT, ALLEGE, UNDERSTAND


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PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS

  • SIMPLE INFINITIVE

  • People say Cathy works hard

  • It is said Cathy works hard

  • Cathy is said to work hard


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PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS

  • PROGRESSIVE /CONTINUOUS INFINITIVE

  • People believe the police are looking for a missing boy

  • It is believed the police are looking for a missing boy

  • The police are believed to be looking for a missing boy


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PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS

  • Perfect infinitive

  • They allege he kicked a policeman

  • It is alleged he kicked a policeman

  • He is alleged to have kicked a policeman