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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?. Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos. Mais um carro foi incendiado no Rio. O novo ar condicionado será instalado nas férias. How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?. Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos.

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how do we make passive sentences in portuguese
How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?
  • Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos.
  • Mais um carro foi incendiado no Rio.
  • O novo ar condicionado será instalado nas férias
how do we make passive sentences in portuguese1
How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?
  • Os jogos olímpicos sãodisputados a cada 4 anos.
  • Mais um carro foiincendiado no Rio.
  • O novo ar condicionado seráinstalado nas férias
how do we make passive sentences in portuguese2
How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

ser +

verbo principal

(particípio)

how do we make passive sentences in english
How do we make passive sentences in English?

to be +

main verb

(past participle)

how do we make passive sentences in english1
How do we make passive sentences in English?
  • Present simple: My car isserviced twice a year.
  • Present continuous: My car is being serviced now.
  • Past simple: My car wasserviced last month.
  • Past continuous: My car was beingserviced when I went to the garage.
  • Present perfect: My car has already beenserviced.
  • Past perfect: My car had beenserviced by 2 o’clock.
  • Future simple: My car will beserviced tomorrow.
  • Future perfect: My car will have beenserviced by Monday.
  • Modals: My car must beserviced before the trip.
two object verbs
two-object verbs
  • I gave Ann a book for her birthday.
two object verbs1
two-object verbs
  • I gave Anna book for her birthday.
  • A book was given to Ann for her birthday (by me).
  • Ann was given a book for her birthday (by me).
two object verbs2
two-object verbs
  • ask
  • pay
  • sell
  • offer
  • tell
  • buy
  • bring
  • send
  • lend
  • promise
  • write
  • give
two object verbs3
two-object verbs
  • I lent Paulsome money.
  • Some money was lent to Paul (by me).
  • Paul was lent some money (by me).
two object verbs4
two-object verbs
  • She asked mea favour.
  • A favour was asked of me (by her).
  • I was asked a favour (by her).
two object verbs5
two-object verbs
  • Laura will send mepostcards from Hungary.
  • Postcards will be sent to me from Hungary (by Laura).
  • I will be sent postcards from Hungary (by Laura).
when to use passive sentences
When to use passive sentences?
  • When we do not know who the agent is.
  • When it is irrelevant to mention who the agent is.
  • When this agent is obvious.
  • In other words, when the execution of the action is the important information.
passive have something done
Passive: have something done
  • I hadmyhair cut.

  • I cutmyhair.
passive have something done1
Passive: have something done
  • I hadthehousecleaned.

  • I cleanedthehouse.
passive have something done2
Passive: have something done
  • I hadthecarrepaired.

  • I repairedthe car.
passive it is said that
Passive: it is said that...
  • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].
  • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].
passive it is supposed that
Passive: it is supposed that...
  • People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place].
  • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place].
passive it is known that
Passive: it is known that...
  • People know [that Romário is lazy].
  • It is known [that Romário is lazy].
passive it is expected that
Passive: it is expected that...
  • People expect [that all the students pass this course].
  • It is expected [that all the students pass this course].
general structure
General structure
  • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

expect*

believe

think

know

suppose

consider

understand

general structure1
General structure
  • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

expected*

believed

thought

known

supposed

considered

understood

general structure2
General structure
  • He is said to like heavy metal.

expected

believed

thought

known

supposed

considered

understood

slide26

People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

  • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].
  • Alexandre is said to likeheavy metal.
slide27

People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place].

  • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place].
  • Rio is supposed to bea very dangerous place.
slide28

People know [that Romário is lazy].

  • It is known [that Romário is lazy].
  • Romário is known to belazy.
slide29

People expect [that all the students pass this course].

  • It is expected [that all the students pass this course].
  • All the students are expected to pass this course.
slide31

People know [that Collor was a corrupt president].

  • It is known [that Collor was a corrupt president].
  • Collor is known to have been a corrupt president.
slide32

People consider [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman].

  • It is considered [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman].
  • Marilyn is considered to have been a gorgeous woman.