passive n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PASSIVE PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
PASSIVE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

PASSIVE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 129 Views
  • Uploaded on

PASSIVE. C 1. English uses the passive more often than many other languages. When? We don’t know the agent. His house has been burgled several times. We want to be impersonal and avoid mentioning the agent. It is thought the accident was caused by drink driving.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'PASSIVE' - liona


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2

English uses the passive more often than many other languages.

When?

  • We don’t know the agent.

His house has been burgled several times.

  • We want to be impersonal and avoid mentioning the agent.

It is thought the accident was caused by drink driving.

slide3

To emphasise the action rather than the agent

Borders between countries are being broken down.

  • To emphasise new information, which appears at the end of the sentence.

Compare:

The Americans developed this type of submarines during WW 2.

This type of submarines was developed during WW2 by the Americans.

slide4

To avoid long expressions in the first clause

Compare:

The number of people trying to leave the city for the long weekend surprised us

We were surprised by the number of people trying to leave the city for the long weekend.

slide5

To use a more formal style.

All complaints should be submitted in writing.

structure
Structure
  • The subject of the sentence is not the doer/agent.
  • Use verb be in the appropriate tense + past participle (3rd principle form).
  • To mention the agent use by.
  • To show what the agent uses to do the action usewith.
slide7

Compare:

  • He was hit by a piece of wood.

He was hit with a piece of wood.

(by= it fell and hit him)

(with= smb hit him using it)

active or passive
Active or passive?

They are decorating my house?

Why wasn’t I informed about the changes?

Men don’t consider chores a male job.

Mother sent the children to the country for the summer.

Who was the book written by?

He hasn’t ever been given any awards yet?

By the end of the year the project will have been worked on for 3 years.

My parents will surely meet me at the airport.

Tom had finished his work before they started the discussion.

Which vase should I put the flowers into?

some more difficult structures
Some more difficult structures
  • Let

They didn’t let me take part in the discussion.

I was not allowed to take part in the discussion.

  • Make

My boss has often made me work long hours.

I have often been made to work long hours.

slide10

Hear, listen to, see ,notice, watch, observe, feel

She heard someone coming up the stairs.

Someone was heard coming up the stairs.

Mark saw her enter the building.

She was seen to enter the building

impersonal passive
Impersonal passive

Noun + verb in passive + infinitive/perfect inf. structure with certain verbs (agree,assume,believe, claim,consider etc.)

Verb in passive + to do

to be doing

to have done

to have been doing

impersonal passive1
Impersonal passive

Tourism is considered to cause economic growth

WW1 was supposed to end all wars.

The earthquake was estimated to have left thousands of people homeless.

He was claimed to have been speeding when the accident happened.

(Not with: suggest, decide, recommend, announce; use it+ be+past participle: it was suggested that ...)

slide13

It +verb in passive + that clause

Change the previous sentences using this structure

It is considered that tourism causes economic growth.

It was supposed that WW1 would end all wars.

It was estimated that the earth quake left thousands of people homeless.

It was claimed that he had been speeding when the accident happened.

slide14

There + verb in passive + infinitive/perfect inf.

Verb in passive + to do

to be doing

to have done

to have been doing

slide15

There are reported to have taken place a lot of riots in Egypt in the past months.

There is supposed to happen more violent conflicts within the following weeks.

Change into passive:

The newspapers reported that a serious accident happened in the mountains.

There was reported to have happened a serious accident in the mountains.

avoiding passive
Avoiding passive
  • Present perfect continuous

Vintage cars have been being displayed in the town centre all this week.

Vintage cars have been on display ...

  • Past perfect continuous

By the time they reached the agreement the problem had been being discussed for hours.

... the problem had been under consideration

slide17

Future continuous

At this time tomrrow the lecture will be being delivered

At this time tomorrow the lecture will be in progress.

  • Future perfect continuous

At the end of this I will have been being trained as a pilot for four years.

.... I will have been in training as a pilot for...

some rare cases of passive
Some rare cases of passive

Change the active sentence into passive:

Somebody might be using the room, but they can’t have been using it for very long.

The room might be being used, but it can’t have been being used for very long.

Be being and been being are rarely used in passive

verb being past participle
Verb + being + past participle

Verbs like: love, like, don’t mind, hate, remember, deny, avoid, describe, imagine

Change into passive:

I love when somebody gives me presents.

I love being given presents.

In his book he describes how a crocodile attacked him.

... he describes being attacked by a crocodile.

verb with passive meaning
Verb with passive meaning
  • The verbs need, want, deserve, require + ing

My shoes need repairing.

He deserves getting a Nobel prize.

Your behaviour requires explaining.

My computer wants looking at. (very informal)

causative
Causative

Have / get something done

to describe a service which someone does for us

She had/got the house cleaned.

I must have/get my car washed.

We are having our house painted.

  • With present perfect: have sth done (not get)

My neighbours have just had their flat redecorated.

slide22

Use causative:

Someone will do her make-up before the wedding.

She will have her make-up done ...

They are going to ask the baker to make a cake.

They are going to have the cake made by ...

The maid is making our beds.

We are having our beds made by the maid.

slide23

She prefers paying someone to organise her parties.

She prefers having her parties organised by...

Her father has redecorated her flat.

She has had her flat redecorated by her father.

He had asked the gardener to water his plants.

He had had his plants watered by the gardener.

slide24

What is the difference?

He made Ann sign the contract.

He had Ann sign the contract.

He got Ann to sign the contract.

Make smb do sth = to insist smb should do

Have smb do sth = to ask smb do sth

Get smb to do sth = to persuade smb to do

slide25

Use the structures make smb do, have smb do, get smb to do

He insisted that they should accept the gift.

He made them accept the gift.

They asked Paul to order the cake.

They had Paul order the cake.

He persuaded his father to go with him.

He got his father to go with him.