Iran BY CADET BONNIE
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Slightly larger than Alaska
rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
7th century BC: Media a Great Power.Around 600 BC: Zarathustra lives in eastern Iran.6th century BC: Persians win the whole of Iran and the Middle East (under kings like Cyrus 2, Kambyses, Dareios 1). The Persian Empire rules from the capital Perspolis.5th century BC Wars against the Greeks. Land is gained all the way to the Ægian Sea.4th century BC: The structure of the state dissolves.330 BC: Alexander the Great warfare subjugates the northern and most populated parts of Iran. 324 BC: The returning campaign of Alexander's takes control over the southern parts of Iran.3rd century BC: After years of fighting at the aftermath of Alexander, the Partians become the new rulers, and their kingdom becomes one of the big powers in the Middle East.225 AD: Kingdom of the Sassinids, a new grand era. Zoroastrianism becomes the state religion.630s, 640s:Arabs conquer Iran. From this time on, the people of Iran are slowly converting into Islam.
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown
US-Iranian Relations • Iranian-US relations have been strained since a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. • Nov. 4, Tehran, Iran: Iranian radical students seized the U.S. embassy, taking 66 hostages. Fourteen were later released. The remaining 52 were freed after 444 days on the day of President Reagan's inauguration.