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Moral Purpose. Kevin Crowther For EAD 801 Professor Nancy Colflesh. The “Good”, The “Bad” and Me. What is Moral Purpose. Moral Purpose is a term coined by Michael Fullan in his book Leading in a Culture of Change .

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the good the bad and me

Moral Purpose

Kevin Crowther

For EAD 801

Professor Nancy Colflesh

The “Good”, The “Bad” and Me

what is moral purpose
What is Moral Purpose

Moral Purpose is a term coined by Michael Fullan in his book Leading in a Culture of Change.

Moral Purpose: the intention to make a positive difference in the lives of individuals such as employees, clients and society as a whole.

michael fullan on moral purpose
Michael Fullan on Moral Purpose

In addition to the direct goal of making a difference in the lives of students, moral purpose plays a larger role in transforming and sustaining system change.

Within the organization, how leaders treat all others is also a component of moral purpose.

Moral purpose means acting with the intention of making a positive difference in the (social) environment.

fullan on moral purpose cont
Fullan on Moral Purpose (cont.)

Moral purpose means closing the gap between high performing schools and lower performing schools; high performing and lower performing students, by raising the level of achievement of all, while closing the gap. This is the only way for large scale, sustainable reform to occur — and it is moral purpose of the highest order.

“Moral purpose is more than passionate teachers trying to make a difference in their classrooms. It's also the context of the school and district in which they work. That means principals have to be almost as concerned about the success of other schools in the district as they are about their own schools.”

whose moral purpose
Whose Moral Purpose?

Fullan talks of "moral purpose", but he is noticeably ambiguous about what he means.

Moral purpose sets decision-making in a framework of values that take the wider community and wider context into consideration.

whose moral purpose6
Whose Moral Purpose?

Fullan draws the connection between moral purpose and commitment. However, commitment itself need not be driven by noble motives.

Moral purpose is an arbitrary construct – a leader’s personal morals have no bearing in effective leadership if they believe the decisions they make are for the benefit of those they lead.

philosophy of morals
Philosophy of Morals

17th century British philosopher Thomas Hobbes held that many, if not all, of our actions are prompted by selfish desires. Even if an action seems selfless, such as donating to charity, there are still selfish causes for this, such as experiencing power over other people. This view is called psychological egoism and maintains that self-oriented interests ultimately motivate all human actions.

18th century British philosopher Joseph Butler agreed that instinctive selfishness and pleasure prompt much of our conduct. However, Butler argued that we also have an inherent psychological capacity to show benevolence to others. This view is called psychological altruism and maintains that at least some of our actions are motivated by instinctive benevolence.

sober and wilson
Sober and Wilson

They describe “motivational pluralism” – people are driven by both egoistic and altruistic desires.

Sober and Wilson (1998) also state that it is futile to argue whether people are driven by egoistic (self-centered) or altruistic (unselfish) motives. The fact is that all effective leaders are driven by both.


Suggests in “Lifeworld” (2000), there can be no leadership if there is nothing important to follow.

This follows Fullan’s belief that moral purpose is driven by commitment.

famous leaders and moral purpose
Famous Leaders and Moral Purpose

As mentioned earlier, moral purpose is an arbitrary construct.

Fullan (2001) says to strive to improve the quality of how we live together is a moral purpose of the highest order.

Many famous leaders exemplify this concept in their own unique ways.

gandhi s 11 vows
Gandhi's 11 Vows

Ahimsa (Nonviolence)

Satya (Truth)

Asteya (Non Stealing)

Brahmacharya (Self Discipline)

Asangraha (Non-possession)

Sharirshrama (Bread labour)

Aswada (Control of the palate)

Sarvatra Bhayavarjana (Fearlessness)

Sarva Dharma Samantva (Equality of all religions) Swadeshi (Use locally made goods)

Sparshbhavana (Remove untouchability)

From the book 'Yeravda Mandir' by MK Gandhi.- Published by Navajivan Trust, Ahmedabad - 14

gandhian myths
Gandhian Myths

Satyagraha (non-violent action) was not a way for one group to seize what it wanted from another. It was not a weapon of class struggle, or of any other kind of division. It was instead an instrument of unity. It was a way to remove injustice and restore social harmony, to the benefit of both sides.

gandhian myths14
Gandhian Myths

Satyagraha was for the opponent's sake as well as those who practiced it. When Satyagraha worked, both sides won. That is the essential difference between Gandhi's Satyagraha and so much of the non-violent action practiced by others.

Love for the victim demanded struggle, while love for the opponent ruled out doing harm. But love for the opponent likewise demanded struggle because by hurting others, the oppressor also hurts himself.

The oppressor likely is not aware of this. He is however, likely enjoying his power and wealth. But beneath all that, his injustice is cutting him off from his fellow humans and from his own deeper self. And when that happens, his spirit can only wither and deform.

Ganhdi did not view his actions as passive, rather he considered them an aggressive action.

gandhi s moral purpose
Gandhi’s Moral Purpose

Gandhi believed that through his actions he would improve the lives of everyone thus demonstrating a “moral purpose of the highest order” according to Fullan.

i have a dream
I Have a Dream

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity. But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free.

One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land.

So we have come here today to dramatize an appalling condition. In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.

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I Have a Dream

This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation.

So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.

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i have a dream19
I Have a Dream

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment and to underestimate the determination of the Negro. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights.

The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges. But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

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i have a dream20
I Have a Dream

We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. we must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.

The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.

We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.

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i have a dream21
I Have a Dream

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair. I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal." I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state, sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice. I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today.

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i have a dream22
I Have a Dream

I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor's lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

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i have a dream23
I Have a Dream

This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning, "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring." And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from the curvaceous peaks of California! But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let freedom ring from every hill and every molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

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i have a dream24
I Have a Dream

When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"

mlk and moral purpose
MLK and Moral Purpose

There are very few people in the world who would argue that Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. did not have moral purpose.

His speeches and demonstrations were in support of the advancement of Civil Rights in America.

His commitment to this cause was unfaltering and paid for it with his life when he was assassinated at the doorstep of his hotel room in.

effects of wwi on germany
Effects of WWI on Germany

In the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were forced to sign a humiliating treaty accepting responsibility for causing the war, as well as dole out large sums of money in order to compensate for war costs.

In addition, the size of the German state was reduced, while that of Italy and France was enlarged. Rising hostilities toward the rest of Europe grew, and many German soldiers refused to give up fighting, even though Germany's military was ordered to be drastically reduced.

exerts from hitler
Exerts from Hitler

On February 24, 1920 Adolph Hitler presented the “Programme” of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist Labour Party) more commonly known as the Nazi Party.

In this speech composed by himself and Anton Drexler they laid out the foundation of the fourth reich through 25 points. The ones pertaining to moral purpose are highlighted in the next few slides.

mein kampf
Mein Kampf

In Volume II Chapter 5 of Hitler’s Mein Kampf he states:

“If the idea of the People's State, which is at present an obscure wish, is one day to attain a clear and definite success, from its vague and vast mass of thought it will have to put forward certain definite principles which of their very nature and content are calculated to attract a broad mass of adherents; in other words, such a group of people as can guarantee that these principles will be fought for. That group of people are the German workers.

That is why the programme of the new movement was condensed into a few fundamental postulates, twenty-five in all. They are meant first of all to give the ordinary man a rough sketch of what the movement is aiming at. They are, so to say, a profession of faith which on the one hand is meant to win adherents to the movement and, on the other, they are meant to unite such adherents together in a covenant to which all have subscribed.”

hitler s programme
Hitler’s “Programme”

The Programme of the German Workers' Party is designed to be of limited duration. The leaders have no intention, once the aims announced in it have been achieved, of establishing fresh ones, merely in order to increase, artificially, the discontent of the masses and so ensure the continued existence of the Party.

  • We demand the union of all Germany in a Greater Germany on the basis of the right of national self-determination.

2. We demand equality of rights for the German people in its dealings with other nations, and the revocation of the peace treaties of Versailles and Saint-Germain.

Hitler was a patriot and wanted nothing more than the betterment of his country.

hitler s programme31
Hitler’s “Programme”

4. Only members of the nation may be citizens of the State. Only those of German blood, whatever be their creed, may be members of the nation. Accordingly, no Jew may be a member of the nation.

5. Non-citizens may live in Germany only as guests and must be subject to laws for aliens.

7. We demand that the State shall make it its primary duty to provide a livelihood for its citizens. If it should prove impossible to feed the entire population, foreign nationals (non-citizens) must be deported from the Reich.

Hitler wanted to ensure the survival of his people.

hitler s programme32
Hitler’s “Programme”

14. We demand profit-sharing in large industrial enterprises.

15. We demand the extensive development of insurance for old age.

16. We demand the creation and maintenance of a healthy middle class, the immediate communalizing of big department stores, and their lease at a cheap rate to small traders, and that the utmost consideration shall be shown to all small traders in the placing of State and municiple orders.

Hitler wanted to ensure a healthy economy utilizing both socialistic and capitalistic concepts.

hitler s programme33
Hitler’s “Programme”

24. We demand freedom for all religious denominations in the State, provided they do not threaten its existence not offend the moral feelings of the German race.

The Party, as such, stands for positive Christianity, but does not commit itself to any particular denomination. It combats the Jewish-materialistic spirit within and without us, and is convinced that our nation can achieve permanent health only from within on the basis of the principle: The common interest before self-interest.

Hitler exemplifies moral purpose while establishing the foundation of his infamy in the same paragraph!

moral purpose in athletics

John Wooden

Bo Schembechler

Lou Holtz

Vince Lombardi

Fielding Yost

Moral Purpose in Athletics
moral purpose in athletics35
Moral Purpose in Athletics

"To me, no coach in America asks a man to make any sacrifice, he requests that he do the opposite -- live clean, come clean, think clean -- that he stop doing all the things that destroy him physically, mentally, and morally and begin doing all the things that make him keener, finer and more competent."

-Fielding Yost, former University of Michigan Head Football Coach

moral purpose in athletics36
Moral Purpose in Athletics

“The most important key to achieving great success is to decide upon your goal and launch, get started, take action, move.”

-John Wooden, UCLA Hall of Fame Basketball coach

“Be more concerned with your character than your reputation, because your character is what you really are; your reputation is merely what others think you are.”

-John Wooden, UCLA Hall of Fame Basketball coach

moral purpose in athletics37
Moral Purpose in Athletics

“The quality of a person's life is in direct proportion to their commitment to excellence, regardless of their chosen field of endeavor.”

-Vince Lombardi, Former Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame football coach

“Individual commitment to a group effort -- that is what makes a team work a company work, a society work, a civilization work.”

-Vince Lombardi, Former Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame football coach

moral purpose in athletics38
Moral Purpose in Athletics

“All winning teams are goal-oriented. Teams like these win consistently because everyone connected with them concentrates on specific objectives. They go about their business with blinders on; nothing will distract them from achieving their aims.”

-Lou Holtz, former Notre Dame football coach

moral purpose in athletics39
Moral Purpose in Athletics

Each of these men understood that commitment to a common goal and strong character are the cornerstone to a successful team.

All of these men describe moral purpose, even though the term was not used until long after each of them began their careers.

my personal mission statement
My Personal Mission Statement

As a teacher and a coach:

I will commit to having a belief in the importance of the work I do, be it in the classroom or on the field of competition.

I will model the behaviors and ethical standards that I believe in and expect those in my supervision to possess.

I will commit to providing rational for my belief in the importance of the work I do.