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Lifting Techniques. Basic rules of good lifting. Size up the load before you lift Bend your knees Center yourself over the load. 1a. Basic rules of good lifting. Get a good hand hold Lift straight up - let your legs do the work Don’t twist or turn. 1b. Basic rules of good lifting.

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basic rules of good lifting
Basic rules of good lifting

Size up the load before you lift

Bend your knees

Center yourself over the load

1a

basic rules of good lifting3
Basic rules of good lifting

Get a good hand hold

Lift straight up - let your legs do the work

Don’t twist or turn

1b

basic rules of good lifting4
Basic rules of good lifting

Have a clear path

Set the load down properly

Always push a cart or dolly

1c

basic rules of good lifting5
Basic rules of good lifting

Get help for long loads

Split up heavy loads when you can

1d

if back pain occurs
If back pain occurs

You may have a serious problem if:

resting a few days doesn’t help

you have a feeling of numbness in your lower limbs

2a

if back pain occurs7
For on-the-job relief:

get up a stretch if you sit for long periods

shift your feet if you stand

avoid leaning to one side if you stand

If back pain occurs

2b

injuries that occur to backs
Injuries that occur to backs
  • Strains and sprains
  • Ruptured or slipped disks
  • Chronic tension and stress
  • Other forms of back pain

3a

injuries that occur to backs9
Injuries that occur to backs
  • Some injuries require surgery
  • Some injuries lead to permanent disability
  • Back injuries can limit activities on and off the job

3b

correct lifting posture
Correct lifting posture
  • Bend knees
  • Center body over the load
  • Lift straight up

4a

never twist or turn when lifting
Never twist or turn when lifting
  • Adds strain to back’s disks, muscles, ligaments, tendons
  • Plan your lift to avoid awkward positions
  • Set load down if you’re losing your grip

5a

never twist or turn when lifting12
Never twist or turn when lifting
  • Don’t twist and turn or juggle load to regain grip
  • Keep back as straight as possible

5b

carrying the load
Carrying the load
  • Ensure a clear path
  • Ensure a place where load can be set down
  • Check for stability of load
  • Can you get a good grip?

6a

carrying the load14
Carrying the load
  • Is the load too heavy for one person?
  • Follow lifting weight restrictions
  • Test the weight by carefully pushing load, or lifting one corner

6b

carrying the load15
Carrying the load
  • Use mechanical equipment if load is too heavy
  • Get help if load is too heavy - lift at the same time to keep load balanced

6c

lowering the load
Lowering the load
  • Bend the knees
  • Slowly lower it; do not drop the load
  • Avoid sudden movements

7a

lowering the load17
Lowering the load
  • Bend knees to let leg muscles support the weight
  • Lower the load at the same time if working with partner

7b

pushing versus pulling a load
Pushing versus pulling a load
  • Pushing a load is easier on the back
  • Pushing a load is easier to control

8a

plan ahead
Plan ahead
  • Avoid using lower rack for moderately heavy to heavy items, or awkward items
  • Get help when lifting heavy, awkward, or long items

9a

plan ahead20
Plan ahead
  • Size up the load:
    • Can it be split into multiple loads?
    • Smaller loads cause less strain on the back

9b

plan ahead21
Plan ahead
  • Use material handling equipment if load is too heavy
    • Forklifts
    • Hoists
    • Dollies

9c

other factors in back injuries
Other factors in back injuries
  • Age of employee
  • Improper postures when sleeping, standing, sitting
  • Physical condition of employee
  • Repetitive motions

10a

summary of main points
Summary of main points
  • Types of injuries
  • Proper lifting techniques
  • Other factors in back injuries

11a