Psychoanalysis . Conclusion & Continuation Fetishism as an Example. Outline. Sigmund Freud Jacque Lacan Fetishism Continuations ego psychology & object-relations theory Connections with Marxism. Freudian Psychoanalysis: General Comment --Deconstruction.
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Conclusion & Continuation
Fetishism as an Example
The first –prior and richer;The second– negation or complication;
A. Psyche, Id psychology & Child development: The theory of Oedipus complex and penis envy
-- helps explain gendering processes in patriarchal society.
-- Freud's limitations or our misunderstanding?
-- inability to explain female sexuality--"What do women want?"
-- its focus on infantile psychology. "Between ordinary adult personality traits and infantile psychology thereare layers upon layers of relationships, experiences, values and meanings."
B. Psychobiography and Art as Dream work.
-- psychobiography (treating artists as patients, art as dream work, and explaining art in terms of his/her life) can be reductive, ignoring art’s aesthetic aspects on the conscious level. (e.g. E. Bishop’s objectification/distantiation of her loss )
-- We can examine our own transference in reading.
-- interpretation of dream: helps us understand the languages of dream.
C. Psychological Pattern & Disorders
-- repression displacement/sublimation or fixation/regression
-- repetition compulsion, defense mechanism, death/life instincts
-- Helpful for character and self analysis;
-- entering the symbolic order means having reality checks; otherwise, we may become psychotic.
An example of controversies and continuation
//his castration fear
Solution -- denial/acceptance of her castration, and by extension his own, by finding a substitute.
-- fetishizing women’s body on the screen; in order to project them as “phallic mother” (//e.g. film noire: the woman has to be a lack, losing memory of her identity.)
1. Rejection –fetishism coincides with the norm of phallocentrism.
2. Female fetishism: e.g. collection of memorabilia; self-fetishization;
3. Rewriting: female disavowal—women disavow their own castration through narcissism or hysteria. It also explains female development of lesbianism.
“問金庸情是何物：禮物、信物、證物”– by 張小虹；
-- Some fetishes may not be sexual in nature
-- green light in The Great Gatsby (national fetish)
-- commodity fetish (e.g. The commodities in such realist novels as Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath or Sister Carrie)
Exchange values added to it;
e.g. Cell phone, Hello Kitty, etc.