The Berlin Wall. Samantha Wong. Timeline 1948 - 1990. Berlin blockade and airlift. Millions of people moved from East Germany to West Germany. All crossing points are closed for West Berlin Citizens. November 9, the Berlin wall is torn down. Reagan asks Gorbachev to tear down the wall.
Berlin blockade and airlift
Millions of people moved from East Germany to West Germany
All crossing points are closed for West Berlin Citizens
November 9, the Berlin wall is torn down
Reagan asks Gorbachev to tear down the wall
The border between East and West Germany is closed but the border between East and West Berlin is still open
-August 13, the Berlin Wall is built
-Bay of Pigs
October 3, Germany is reunited
Cuban Missile Crisis
A map of the division of Germany (A Concrete Curtain)
Above: Germans fleeing from Berlin, 1961. (Huning)
Left: The building is right in between the border. The doors are locked up but escape is still possible through the windows. (Huning)
Wall separating West Berlin with GDR
In 1952 the border between East and West Germany was closed, so the citizens instead fled to West Berlin, where they could then escape to West Germany.
On August 13, 1961 Walter Ulbricht the leader of the East German Communist Party signed the papers to build the wall, preventing citizens to leave.
(A Concrete Curtain)
1 - Checkpoint Charlie2 - Heinrich-Heine-Strasse3 - Bornholmer Strasse4 - Chausseestrasse5 - Invalidenstrasse6 - Oberbaumbrücke7 - Sonnenallee8 - Friedrichstrasse Station
Roads out of West Berlin
(A Concrete Curtain)
East Germany was losing many of its skilled workers and built the wall to stop the immigration to West Berlin.
Once the wall was up, the only way to get into West Berlin was through checkpoints, the most famous being Checkpoint Charlie.
A photo of Checkpoint Charlie, 1987 (Rose)
The East Germans gathered to crossing points in the wall, and the guards, not knowing what to do and not given instructions, let the Germans through.
Breaking down the Wall. (A Concrete Curtain)
Bornholmer Strasse crossing point where the first East Berliners came over the Wall on November 9th. (A Concrete Curtain)
The picture shows a money changer, cigarette store and movie theater. Without the people of East Germany to exploit, these places in West Germany have gone bankrupt. (German Propaganda)
Here, one of the East German border crossers is working as a maid for a West Berlin family. The maid is saying: "This time, gracious lady, I could only bring along sixteen sticks of butter. The food supply situation keeps getting worse for us in the East.“
(German Propaganda Archive)
A major problem was the differences in currency in Germany. The exchange rate was 4:1 and so West Germans could buy things more cheaply in East Germany.
(A Concrete Curtain)
Kennedy and Khrushchev June 1961. (United)
Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev talking in the White House, December 1987. (Becoming Free)
1. Why did East Germany build the Berlin Wall?
2. Name two important people that contributed to the Berlin Wall and what they did.
A Concrete Curtain. Dutch History Museum Berlin. 20 Sept. 1999. 16 May 2004. <http://www.wall-berlin.org/gb/mur.htm>
Andreas. The Origins and Politics of the Berlin Wall. 28 March 2004. 16 May 2004. <http://www.andreas.com/berlin- more.html>
Becoming Free. Freedom a History of US. PBS. 2004. 16 May 2004. < http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web16/>
Burkhardt, Heiko. Berlin Wall Online. Daily Soft. 2004. 16 May 2004. <http://www.dailysoft.com/berlinwall/photographs/berlinwall-1961.htm>
Bytwerk, Randall. German Propaganda Archive. Calvin College. 16 May 2004. <http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/eule61.htm>
Cold War. CNN. 1998. 16 May 2004. <http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/timeline/>
Huning, Philipp and Antje Stephan. Berline 1945. John F. Kennedy. 16 May 16, 2004. <http://homepages.uni- tuebingen.de/student/philipp.huning/overview.html>
Retracing the Berlin Wall. 16 May 2004. <http://www.die-berliner-mauer.de/en/61.html>
Rose, Brian. The Lost Border. 16 May 2004. <http://www.brianrose.com/lostborder.htm>
The Berlin Wall. MSNBC. 1998. 16 May 2004. <http://www.msnbc.com/OnAir/msnbc/TimeandAgain/archive/berlin/wall.asp?cp1=1>
United States History. McMaster University. 16 May 2004. <http://www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/ushistory/foreign/berlin.html>
Walsh, Ben. “Modern World History.” John Murray Publishers. London. 1996.