Ancient Egypt: an Overview. Timeline. Old Kingdom 2650 BC – 2134 BC Middle Kingdom 2125 BC – 1550 BC New Kingdom 1550 BC – 1295 BC. http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/resources/timeline.html. 1. Three Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt. OLD KINGDOM. MIDDLE KINGDOM. NEW KINGDOM.
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Pharaohs organized a strong central state, were absolute rulers, and were considered gods.
Egyptians built pyramids at Giza.
Power struggles, crop failures, and cost of pyramids contributed to the collapse of the Old Kingdom.
Large drainage project created arable farmland.
Traders had contacts with Middle East and Crete.
Hyksos invaded and occupied the delta
Powerful pharaohs created a large empire
that reached the Euphrates River.
Ramses II expanded Egyptian rule to Syria.
It made life possible in the otherwise barren desert of Egypt.
It is the longest river in the world (over 4,000 miles).
It served as a source of food for the people of ancient Egypt
It was the major source of water for bathing and drinking
The Nile was crucial for farmingThe Nile River
Falcon Headed Sun God
Relied on the Book of the Dead to help them through the afterworld.
Collection of spells, hymns, and prayers intended to secure a safe passage to the underworld for the deceased
Making paper from papyrus
Egyptian goddess Isis, tomb painting, ca. 1360 BC.
Earthly leader; considered a god
HIGH PRIESTS AND PRIESTESSES
Served gods and goddesses
Fought pharaoh’s wars
MERCHANTS, SCRIBES, AND ARTISANS
Made furniture, jewelry, and fabrics for
pharaohs and nobles, and provided for other needs
PEASANT FARMERS AND SLAVES
Worked in the fields and served the pharaoh
The Egyptians - Daily Life
Daily Life in Ancient Egypt