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South Carolina in the Early 1700s. 1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony. The Thirteen Colonies. Changes in the Colony. SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony.

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south carolina in the early 1700s

South Carolina in the Early 1700s

1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony



Thirteen Colonies

changes in the colony
Changes in the Colony
  • SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony.
    • The economy would be benefited when the _____ of _____ increased subsides, which allowed higher profits, for naval stores
    • Also, the Board allowed the colony to trade directly with foreign markets.
      • This also increased rice profits
Creation of a new colony out of the southern portion of SC.


Created for two reasons

As a ____ _____for protection from Spanish Florida.

As a prison colony for debtors.

Problems with the new colony

While it did create a sense of security for SC’s inhabitants, it also resulted in less land being available to South Carolinians.

Became a safe haven for runaway ______.

Created competition in ____ production.

two different south carolinas
Two Different South Carolinas

Low Country

  • All early settlements in SC were built along the coast, so all the high quality infrastructure was located in the tidewater region of the ____ _______.
    • Many of the most important colonists or “Downers” lived there, and it would be the most important region for many years.
      • Home for most of wealthy plantation owners and exporters.
      • Most of the representatives of the Assembly came from this region.
      • Most of the slaves were located there.
      • Where most of the wealth was located.
      • Most of the law and _______ were located in the Low Country.
that other sc
That Other SC

Up Country

  • Largest part of the colony.
    • By the mid 1700s the majority of the white population was located here.
      • Not well or fairly represented in the _________ until 1860.
    • The majority of the population were poorer subsistence farmers.
      • Fewer ________
    • Would benefit when the Board of Trade created eleven townships to encourage settlements.
      • The more settlers in the Up Country meant more protection from Indians.
  • Not an easy place to live.
    • ________ attacks were more frequent.
    • To get anywhere they had to walk long distances on poor ______.
two distinct regions
Two Distinct Regions
  • So different but one colony.
    • The settlers had different cultural backgrounds.
    • Farms were different in size.
    • Level of Education was better in the Low Country.
    • Courts and Law more abundant in the tidewater.
the regulator movement
The Regulator Movement
  • Law and Order
    • When there were few settlers there was little need for _______ and ______ in the Up Country.
      • But with the creation of the _________ a population boom occurred.
        • Drifters, outlaws, and horse thieves also boomed.
      • ________ began to attack honest people and could not be brought to justice.
    • Because most of the Assembly was from the ____________, the request for courts and sheriffs went unanswered.
      • This is one of the biggest and earliest conflicts between the Up and the Low.
the up country strikes back
The Up Country Strikes Back
  • 1767 the Uppers had enough.
    • Vigilantes began to provide justice as they saw fit.
      • They were called ______________.
        • Often abused justice and the rights of the accused.
          • Some were wolves in sheep’s clothing.
      • The Governor Montague tried to stop the Regulators
        • First he condemned them, then asked for more ______ but nothing stopped them.
  • Finally, the Assembly passed the _____________________.
    • Established seven courthouses and sheriffs.
      • Helped provide justice
      • But, and this is a BIG BUT, Do you like BIG BUTS?
        • It improved the moral of the Up Country
it s your turn
It’s Your Turn
  • You are a European settler arriving in SC in the 1700s.
    • Where would you settle?
    • What are the disadvantages?
  • You are an Upper. You are upset that your pleas for justice have not been answered by the Assembly. You plan a protest march on the Assembly.
    • Make a protest sign.
      • How do you feel?
indian relations

Indian Relations

Settlement of the _________ created problems with the _______.

The ______ still had hard feelings as a result of earlier Indian ___.

building alliances
Building Alliances
  • After the Yemassee War, SC and the resident Native Americans were at peace.
  • However, trouble would begin in 1729 when French fur traders pushed the Cherokee for a treaty to trap on their lands
    • The French were a major enemy of the British.
  • The British in 1730 began negotiations for their own treaty with the Cherokee.
    • The Cherokee signed a letter of friendship with the British.
      • The Indians thought they were now allies and could count on the British to fight with them.
      • The British thought that the Indians were now subjects of the King, and would now have to follow the King’s laws.
a lasting peace well
A Lasting Peace??? Well…
  • For almost 30 years the peace lasted
    • The British did not take any of the Indians’ land in the west.
    • The British even negotiated fairly so they could build 4 forts to protect them from the French and Spanish.
  • 1755, the British and Cherokee sign the _____________________.
    • The Cherokee agreed to recognize all British _____ as their leaders and turn over all of their lands.
    • The British promised to stop the sale of ____, provide more Indian traders, and guarantee fairer _____ and better goods.
      • In Indian Giver fashion, the British failed to follow through.
war with the cherokee
War with the Cherokee
  • The British Governor Lyttelton could not control the Indian traders and slowly the relationship fell apart.
    • Instead of meeting with the Cherokee, Lyttleton embargoed the Indians, stopping all trade, in an attempt to force them to cooperate.
      • In reaction, 1759 the Cherokee started attacking the Western settlements.
      • 31 chiefs had gone to negotiate peace were held hostage at Fort Prince George.
      • The Indians attacked the fort.
      • For revenge the British killed all the hostages.
cherokees at war
Cherokees at War
  • The Cherokee killed hundreds of the Uppers.
    • A benefit of being a royal colony, 1200 British troops were sent to fight.
      • They burned the Cherokee villages and crops, also killing the women and children.
  • 1760, 1600 more troops were sent, they drove the Cherokee into the mountains.
    • This brought the fighting to an end.
the treaty of augusta
The Treaty of Augusta
  • 10 November 1763, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, and Choctaw signed the Treaty of Augusta.
    • In exchange for a small reserve of land near Rock Hill, the Indians agreed to stop fighting and give up much of their land.
    • Also a border line was to be drawn so that no whites could settle in the West.
      • Proclamation of 1763 enforced this agreement.
paradise lost
Paradise Lost
  • All the problems could have been avoided had the British not failed to live up to their agreements.
    • Cause by failure to negotiate fair prices, and ideas of land ownership.
      • Each side had lost trust in the other.

It’s Your Turn!

      • What could have been done to avoid the bloodshed?
a changing colony

A Changing Colony

The first _____ in the Americas were not slaves but Spanish explorers.

The First permanent Africans in the North America were indentured ____.

Later Africans were brought as indentured servants but eventually were held in s_____, because Indian ______ had not worked out.

slavery in south carolina
Slavery in South Carolina
  • Slavery in SC was different
    • The first slaves were brought from Barbados.
  • Large-scale slavery began in 1690s when economic success started.
    • By 1700 there were a few thousand but, and this is a BIG BUT, by 1770 there were more than 80,000.
      • The total population of SC at this time was only 130,000
        • The slavery was so cruel that there were slave rebellions
the stono rebellion
The Stono Rebellion
  • The most famous of all slave revolts in SC.
    • Two causes
      • Cruelty
      • In 1738, a Spanish law offered freedom to any slave who escaped to ________.
        • This law gave good reason for slaves to revolt or runaway
  • Sixty slaves killed 20 white settlers
  • The state militia killed 40 slaves
  • Fearing future revolts the Assembly passed the slave code
    • Set penalties for cruel treatment
    • Put slaves under tighter control
      • These actions did not stop all revolts but made it more difficult
  • Education was different for different groups
  • At first an educational system did not exist.
      • The original reason for an education was so people could read the Bible.
  • SC leaders believed it was the responsibility of the parents to educate.
    • So only ______ children were educated.
free schools really
Free Schools??? Really???
  • The first free schools in SC required the students to pay a tuition.
    • the only thing free about them was the land given for the schools to be built on.
      • However, 12 needy children were to be educated for free.
  • Even with the schools, many of the wealthy families sent there children to private schools.
  • Poor families were less likely to send children to school at all.
    • The parents were mostly illiterate and did not see the value of educating their children.
    • Also, farmers needed their children home for help.
  • The majority of the SC population would remain illiterate for most of the 1800s
    • And most of my students show strong signs of it!!!!!!
  • Many of the colonial attitudes toward education still exist in SC today!
education for blacks
Education for Blacks
  • Education was even less available for ______.
  • Most slave owners did not want their ______ educated
    • A slave who understood the concept of freedom may revolt or escape
    • A racist belief that also existed that Blacks were incapable of learning.
  • Some _______ organizations started educating slaves for the purpose of saving their souls.
a growing population
A Growing Population
  • SC had one of the fastest growing populations of the British colonies.
    • But, and this is a BIG BUT, it was not capable of sustaining the population until 1770.
      • Cause being disease, Indian wars, infant mortality, and poor sanitation raised the killed rate.
        • No forms of modern medicine to combat diseases.
      • Children mortality rate was as high as 80 percent
      • ¼-½ of adults who lived to be 20 were dead before 40
        • In some places death rates were higher than birth rates
      • The really BIG OL’ BUT was that the population only grew because more immigrants and slaves kept arriving, raising the population.