South Carolina Early Colonization
What we’ve learned so far: • Native American tribes of Cherokee, Catawba, and Yemassee here first. • First explorers to come were the Spanish, followed by the French and English. • Explorers Pardo, Ribault, de Soto, Hilton, and Woodward all came for “King and country”. • Trade with Native Americans was good at first, but became strained due to unfair trade practices and intrusion of land. • Several wars with Native American tribes resulted in tribes moving out and settlers taking over land.
What we’ve learned (con’t) • The English have the first permanent settlement. • Charles Towne (Albermarle Point) is the first permanent settlement in 1670.
Carolina Colony The Carolina Colony covered what is present day SC, NC and part of Georgia.
Carolina Colony A colony is a land that still obeys the rules of it’s home country.
Carolina Colony • The King of England, King Charles, II, gave land to 8 men called the Lord’s Proprietors. King Charles, II
Carolina Colony One of the more important proprietors was Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper who the Ashley and Cooper rivers are named for. The Lords Proprietors quickly went to work Drafting the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina. Charles Towne is the capital for the colony. It is where all government officials are. This document helped set up the laws for the new colony which guaranteed freedom of religion and representative government.
Proprietors • Attracted settlers by offering: • Free land • Freedom of religion • Representative government • The colony was split in 1719 because it was too large for one government to rule. So, now Carolina colony is South Carolina and North Carolina. Georgia was placed as a border between SC and Spanish Florida. • The Lords Proprietors were unsuccessful in helping protect the Back Country of SC, so the people asked for the King to rule them once again. Most of the proprietors didn’t even live here!
(con’t) • The King sent in a Royal Governor who took control of the colony. • South Carolina is now a royal colony. The Royal Governor reports back to the King.
All kinds of people! French Huguenots: • Came seeking religious freedom from Catholic France. • Started the South Carolina Society which started schools and helped the poor.
People (con’t) European Jews: • Also came for religious freedom. • Established the first synagogue in Charles Towne. • Contributed economically to SC. KahalKadosh Beth Elohim Synagogue founded in the 1740s.
People (con’t) German and Scotch-Irish: • Settled in the back country of SC • Hardworking farmers, very rugged. • Were looked down upon by the elite of the coast. Backcountry settlers
German and Scotch-Irish (con’t) • Felt that the Proprietors did not provide enough protection for them, so began the “Regulators”. • The “Regulators” were a group that took the law into their own hands. At first, they did a lot of good, but later some go too power hungry, so they had to be dissolved. • Their movement did some good. The colony set up new jails and courts in the back country as well as began building schools for children.
Review • King Charles II gave 8 men known as the Lords Proprietors land to be colonized. • They set up government and offered people religious freedom and land. • Many came to the Carolina Colony to start a new life. • Some of the groups were French Huguenots, European Jews, Germans, and Scotch-Irish. • The colony was split between North Carolina and South Carolina.
Review (con’t) Problems: • The Lords Proprietors were absent and did not provide adequate protection for the colony. • The Regulators were a group of men that took it upon themselves to provide punishment for those that broke the law. • The people asked the King to rule them once again. He agreed to this and appointed a Royal Governor.