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How did women gain the right to vote?. Aim: To revise key details about the battle for women’s suffrage. A revision presentation from http://www.mrallsophistory.com/. Votes for women?. Women’s Campaign Groups.

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how did women gain the right to vote

How did women gain the right to vote?

Aim: To revise key details about the battle for women’s suffrage

A revision presentation from http://www.mrallsophistory.com/

women s campaign groups
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • Over the next few pages are statements about the two different women’s campaign groups.
  • See if you can remember whether the statement describes the suffragettes or the suffragists.
women s campaign groups4
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Also called the NUWSS

(National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies)

women s campaign groups5
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Also called the WSPU

(Women’s Social and Political Union)

women s campaign groups6
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Led by

Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst

women s campaign groups7
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Led by

Mrs Millicent Fawcett

women s campaign groups8
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Used peaceful campaigning

women s campaign groups9
Women’s Campaign Groups
  • The Suffragists
  • The Suffragettes

Used radical and militant methods

the suffragettes
The Suffragettes

Click here to watch the clip on YouTube

reactions to the suffragettes
Reactions to the Suffragettes
  • The next slide shows a cartoon drawn in reaction to the suffragettes.
  • What does it show
  • What does it suggest about the artist’s opinion of suffragettes?
  • Who do you think drew it?
  • Why?
1911 conciliation bill
1911 Conciliation Bill
  • The government promised to “conciliate” (make peace) by introducing votes for women
  • It got an enormous majority…
  • …but was then dropped!
suffragist response
Suffragist response
  • Try to persuade the Prime Minister to change his mind
  • Support the Labour Party at the new election
  • Organise a march from Carlisle to London
  • Offer free membership to all women
  • All of the above
suffragette response
Suffragette response
  • Escalated their campaign of violence
  • Escalated their campaign of violence
  • Escalated their campaign of violence
  • Escalated their campaign of violence
  • All of the above
slide17
s

Drawing of a force-feeding published in the Suffragette magazine, 1909

slide18
The Temporary Discharge of Prisoner’s Act (1913)
  • This meant that prisoners who were weak from hunger striking could be released from prison
  • When they were stronger, they were re-arrested and brought back to prison to finish their sentence
emily davison
Emily Davison
  • Wanted to publicise the suffragettes
  • Tried to pin a flag on the King’s horse at the Derby at Epsom racecourse
  • She was killed in the collision
emily davison20
Emily Davison
  • An extreme protest to martyr herself for the suffragettes?
  • A publicity stunt that went terribly wrong?
how effective were the suffragettes
How effective were the suffragettes?
  • They had raised the public profile of the issue
  • The government only started taking the issue seriously after militancy started
  • Increasing violence reduced support
  • Supported the view that women were irrational
  • If the government gave in violence here, what other violence might happen
    • Would Ireland mount violent protests for Home Rule?
women in ww1
Women in WW1
  • When war broke out, both suffragettes and suffragists suspended their campaigns for the vote
  • They began actively trying to recruit men for the army
    • white feather, etc.
  • As more and more men went to war, industry began to suffer a shortage of workers
women in ww124
Women in WW1
  • In which order did women enter “men’s” jobs?
    • Munitions factories
    • Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps
    • Women’s Land Army
    • Office jobs
women in ww125
Women in WW1
  • In which order did women enter “men’s” jobs?

D. Office jobs

A. Munitions factories

C. Women’s Land Army

B. Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps

women in ww126
Women in WW1
  • Women began working in offices
  • Industry was reluctant at first to take on women
    • Did they have the skills?
    • Unions feared that women would be cheaper, and so men would be too expensive when they returned
women in ww127
Women in WW1
  • By 1916, the number of industrial workers was desperate
    • More and more munitions and supplies needed at the front
    • Less and less men working in factories, because they’d all joined the army
women in ww128
Women in WW1
  • Women began working in munitions factories
  • By the end of the war almost 800,000 women were working in them
    • They proved they were just as skilled and capable as men
women in ww129
Women in WW1
  • As the war went on, more women started to work in “men’s” jobs
  • Bus conductors, postal workers, etc.
  • Women’s Land Army
  • A kind of social revolution was taking place
some women get the vote
(Some) women get the vote…
  • In 1918 the Representation of the People Act was passed
  • Older and/or richer women were given the vote
  • Younger, working-class women may still have been too “radical”
  • All women got the vote in 1928