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Women in the Armed Forces

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  1. Women in the Armed Forces • 275,000 women volunteered for military service. • Women were used in all areas except combat. • Women began to develop a want to work outside the household and led to many women joining the workforce after the war

  2. Join the Women’s Army Corps

  3. Women’s Army Air CorpsPilots

  4. Female War Photographer

  5. “What should we do - send the boys returning from WAR back to the kitchen?”

  6. A Philip Randolph • Executive Order 8802 Proposed march on Washington, but executive order desegregated defense industry.

  7. "Salvation for a race, nation or class must come from within. Freedom is never granted; it is won. Justice is never given; it is exacted and the struggle must be continuous for freedom is never a final fact, but a continuing evolving process to higher and higher levels of human, social, economic, political and religious relationship.“ - A. Philip Randolph

  8. Rationing and Conservation • During World War II, all Americans were asked to reduce the amount of food, fuel, metal, and rubber that they used. • Rationing meant that you were only given a set amount of a particular item. • Conservation called for people to reduce their consumption on their own.

  9. posters WAR POSTERS

  10. posters WAR POSTERS

  11. posters WAR POSTERS

  12. posters WAR POSTERS

  13. Infamy9 DAY OF INFAMY

  14. posters WAR POSTERS

  15. posters WAR POSTERS

  16. What is this image depicting?

  17. Citizenship, Civil Rights & Japanese Internment

  18. Historical Background • Aliens or Immigrants • Asian Immigration & American Nativism (1870s-1920s) • Legacies of Anti-Asian Sentiment Harper’s Weekly illustration from 1870s was critical of anti-Chinese sentiment.

  19. Image 1 Wanto Grocery, owned by an Asian American, UC Berkeley graduate. (California, December 1941)

  20. Image 2 Reading evacuation orders on a bulletin board in Los Angeles. These families will have as little as one week to report to the relocation center. (1942) Library of Congress.

  21. Image 3 Dorothea Lange, “One Nation Indivisible.” Pledge of Allegiance at Rafael Weill Elementary School a few weeks prior to evacuation. (San Francisco, 1942)

  22. Image 4 Japanese Americans register for internment at the Santa Anita reception center in Los Angeles. (1942) Library of Congress

  23. Image 5 Evacuees waiting with their luggage at the old train station in Los Angeles, CA. The train will take them to Owens Valley. (April 1942) Library of Congress

  24. Image 6 Japanese Americans waiting to board the train that will take them to the internment camp in Owens Valley. (April 1942)

  25. Image 7 “All Packed Up and Ready to Go” Editorial Cartoon, San Francisco News (March 6, 1942)

  26. Image 8 Family arriving in internment camp barracks, from the Tacoma New Tribune, University of Washington. (no date)

  27. Image 9 An American Soldier on guard duty at an internment camp holds a Japanese American child. Tacoma News Tribune, University of Washington.

  28. Image 10 Internment camp mess hall. Seattle Post-Intelligencer, University of Washington.

  29. Image 12 G.S. Hante, a barber in Kent, Washington, displays his sentiments about internment. (March 1944)

  30. An Apology In 1988, the U.S. government apologized to Japanese Americans for these internment camps and paid all internees$20,000. These payments were awarded to 82,210 Japanese Americans or their heirs at a cost of $1.6 billion

  31. Internment Camp Reading

  32. Anti -Semitism This is the term given to political, social and economic agitation against Jews. Aryan Race This was the name of what Hitler believed was the perfect race. These were people with full German blood, blonde hair and blue eyes.

  33. Between 1939 and 1945 sixmillion Jews were murdered, along with hundreds of thousands of others, such as Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, disabled and the mentally ill.

  34. Percentage of Jews killed in each country AUSTRIA 35% POLAND 91% USSR 36% NORWAY 45% BELGIUM 45% LUXEMBOURG 55% ESTONIA 44% ROMANIA 84% A Total of 6,000,000 Jews HUNGARY 74% YUGOSLAVIA 81% BOHEMIA 60% LATVIA 84% NETHERLANDS 71% LITHUANIA 85% GERMANY 36% FRANCE 22% GREECE 87%

  35. A MAP OF THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND DEATH CAMPS USED BY THE NAZIS.

  36. 16 of the 44 children taken from a French children’s home. They were sent to a concentration camp and later to Auschwitz. ONLY 1 SURVIVED A group of children at a concentration camp in Poland.

  37. Part of a stockpile of Zyklon-B poison gas pellets found at Majdanek death camp. Before poison gas was used , Jews were gassed in mobile gas vans. Carbon monoxide gas from the engine’s exhaust was fed into the sealed rear compartment. Victims were dead by the time they reached the burial site.

  38. Smoke rises as the bodies are burnt.

  39. Bales of hair shaven from women at Auschwitz, used to make felt-yarn. After liberation, an Allied soldier displays a stash of gold wedding rings taken from victims at Buchenwald.

  40. Writing Prompt • Compare and contrast the Japanese internment camps to the concentration camps of the Holocaust. What were the main goals of each? How did these camps affect society?