Ancient Egypt. Daniel Gima, Jon. Itokazu Period 4. Background Info. Ancient Egypt is made up of the thin strip of land that sits alongside the Nile River in the desert of North Africa.
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Daniel Gima, Jon. Itokazu
Ancient Egypt is made up of the thin strip of land that sits alongside the Nile River in the desert of North Africa.
The Nile spills over its banks from between June and October, this period is called inundation.
3000 B.C. - Upper and Lower Egypt was unified under King Menes, who started a dynastic system of ruling families who made Egypt into a powerful state. Also Egyptian hieroglyphics are developed
2625 B.C. to 2500 B.C. – Fourth Dynasty, the Pyramids of Giza are built
1980 B.C. to 1630 B.C. – The Middle Kingdom, period in which art, culture, and trade flourished. The military was also organized and new irrigation systems enabled thousands of acres of farmland to be used. There were 4 dynasties in the Middle Kingdom.
1600 B.C. – Egyptian rulers at Thebes who had controlled a small piece of land built a powerful army and beat the Hyksos.
1353 B.C. to 1336 B.C. Amunhotep IV rules, he changes his name to Akehenaton, he rejects Egypts old religion in Amun in favor for Aten, the sun god of the city of Heliopolis, his religious monotheistic views were revolutionary.
1079 B.C. to 656 B.C. – The Third Intermediate Period, decline of ancient Egypt, brought on by the invasion and defeat of Egypt by the Cushite Dynasty. Internal problems, foreign rulers, and invasions eventually brought ancient Egypt’s demise. Egyptian culture was then influenced by Persian, Greek, and Roman cultures, which changed Egyptian civilization forever.