The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Industrial Revolution

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  1. TheIndustrial Revolution

  2. INDUSTRIALIZATION • C H A N G E S • Transportation • Family life • Reform movements

  3. Transportation • Railroads • Used steam engines -unified economies by linking regions

  4. Railroads connected Europe

  5. Changes in Europe From farm to Factory

  6. Changes to family life • Shift from the family working as farmers or craftsman to families working in factories • Child labor • Less time spent with family • Families moved from villages into towns and cities • Crowded, small apartments: Tenements • RISE IN CITY CRIME -Gangs

  7. Family Life suffered • Less access to fresh water and sunlight • Spread of diseases like cholera and typhus

  8. For most children industrialization meant – Factory Work, shift work & Child Labor

  9. Social Reforms • In England, Parliament passed laws • Banning women and children from working in the mines • Limited work hours to 10 hours per day • For safer working conditions Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert worked to help the poor

  10. Municipal Reforms Improvements to life in the cities

  11. Municipal Improvements Improved water supply, sewage system and trash collection

  12. Sewer systems

  13. Municipal Reforms Public School Systems

  14. Municipal Reforms City police forces to reduce crime Sir Robert Peel’s London “Bobbies”

  15. L A B O R R E F O R M S • Workers organized UNIONS to get • Better wages • Improve working conditions • Used STRIKES to achieve goals