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Early Urban Planning: 1870 - 1940Richard LeGatesUrban Studies Program, SFSU
Books in the Series • Ebenezer Howard, Garden Cities of Tomorrow • Charles Mulford Robinson, Modern Civic Art • Patrick Geddes, Cities in Evolution • Nelson P. Lewis, Planning the Modern City • John Nolen, New Towns for Old • Clarence Perry, The Neighborhood Unit • Patrick Abercrombie, Town and Country Planning • Thomas Addams Outline of Town and City Planning
Other Selections • Frederick Law Olmsted, Public Parks and the Enlargement of Towns • Alberto Soria y Mata, The Linear City • A.D. Sanderson Furniss & Marion Phillips, The Working Woman’s House • Catherine Bauer, Modern Housing • Rexford Tugwell, The Fourth Power • ……And 10 other selections
Major Themes in Early Planning Thought • The Municipal Health Movement • The Parks Movement • The Linear City • The City Beautiful Movement • The Garden City Movement • Early Regional Planning • Women and Housing Policy • Depression and Wartime National Planning
The Municipal Health Movement • Sanitary Conditions of mid-19th Century Cities • Air and Water Pollution • Cemetaries • Tenement Living • Richardson’s Hygeia • M.D. as City Planner • End of tenements and cellars • Control of smoke • Water quality
Benjamin Clark Marsh and the Split between Planning, Housing, and Social Services • Benjamin Clark Marsh • The “Congestion Movement” • The 1st National Conference on Planning & Congestion (1909) • The Split between planners, housers, and settlement house workers
Frederic Law Olmsted And The Parks Movement • Frederick Law Olmsted • Olmsted’s Vision • Mixed use • Dampening class conflict • Family & religious values • Central Park (New York) • Olmsted’s impact
Fundamental Features of the “Ciudad Lineal” • The Impact of Technology on Urban Form • Soria y Mata’s Vision • Actual Linear Cities
Daniel Burnham and The City Beautiful Movement • Daniel Burnham • The 1893 Chicago Exposition • The S.F. Plan (1905) • The Chicago Plan (1909) • Burnham the Propogandist
The Garden Cities Movement • Ebenezer Howard • The Three Magnets • The Garden Cities Vision • Regionalism • Physical Form • Economics • The Garden Cities Vision: Economics • Letchworth
Garden Cities in Europe & America • Raymond Unwin: Implementer & Corruptor of The Garden City Movement • Radburn, New Jersey • The U.S. Greenbelt Cities Program • The Garden City Movement Worldwide
Women and Housing In Europe • The Impact of WW I on British Housing & Housing Policy • A.D. Sanderson Furniss and Marion Phillips Housing Program for Working Women • “Modern Housing” in Europe • Catherine Bauer visits Europe...
Catherine Bauer and the Origins of American Housing Policy • Catherine Bauer • Modern Housing Come to America • Bauer’s Impact • A revisionist view of Catherine Bauer
Patrick Geddes, Regional Planning and Design with Nature • Patrick Geddes • Geddes ideas on Regional Planning • The Origins of Sustainable Urban Development • Louis Mumford and Geddes
Rexford Tugwell and “The Fourth Power” In National Planning • “Red Rex” Tugwell and the New Deal • The “Fourth Power” debate • The failure of National Planning in America
Wartime and Post-War British Planning: Abercrombie • Patrick Abercrombie • The Barlow Commission and WW II • The Plan for Greater London and Britain’s New Towns Program
Old Wine in New Bottles? • From Municipal Health to Environmental Justice • From the Linear City Transit Oriented Development • The Enduring City Beautiful • Garden Cities for Today • Geddes & Mumford: Design with Nature and the New Regionalism • Post-Modern Housing and the New Urbanism • Devolution and The Non-existent Fourth Power