The gilded age 1870 1890
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The Gilded Age 1870-1890. Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold What does this imply about American Society?. Mark Twain. Positives Industrialization Economic Growth New Inventions Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs Manifest Destiny . Negatives Working Conditions

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The gilded age 1870 1890

The Gilded Age1870-1890


Gilded means to cover something of poor quality with gold

What does this imply about American Society?

Mark Twain


Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed

Positives

Industrialization

Economic Growth

New Inventions

Growth of Middle Class and Suburbs

Manifest Destiny

Negatives

Working Conditions

Poverty and Living Conditions in Cities

Gap between Rich and Poor Increases

Farmers Struggle

Political Corruption

Treatment of Minorities

Wealth and economic growth covered up the many problems that existed

Characteristics of the Gilded Age


Middle class and the growth of suburbs
Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs

  • commute to the city for jobs and shopping.

  • made possible by railroads, horse cars, and streetcars.

  • get away from poor immigrants

  • Quiet and healthier for family

  • Segregated Communities


Nouveau riche

The New Rich

Conspicuous Consumption- spending money just to show off wealth

Nouveau Riche


Conspicuous display of wealth millionaire s row new york
Conspicuous Display of Wealth, Millionaire’s Row, New York

Carnegie Mansion

Vanderbilt Chateau



The shift to the city
The Shift to the City

Urbanization- process in which an increasing proportion of a population lives in cities or suburbs of cities


Migration from country to city
MIGRATION FROM COUNTRY TO CITY

  • Immigration

  • improvements in farm technology meant less labor

  • Many rural people left for cities to find work

  • African Americans





Urban problems
URBAN PROBLEMS Street Rear,” c. 1892

  • Overcrowded Housing

  • Sanitation: garbage was often not collected

  • Polluted air

  • Lack of clean water

  • Crime

  • Fire

Harper’s Weekly image of Chicagoans fleeing the fire over the Randolph Street bridge in 1871


Politics in the gilded age
POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE Street Rear,” c. 1892

  • As cities grew in the late 19th century, so did political machines

  • Political machines controlled the activities of a political party in a city

  • The head of the Political machine was known as the “Boss”


Role of the political boss
ROLE OF THE POLITICAL BOSS Street Rear,” c. 1892

  • The “Boss” controlled jobs, business licenses, granting of contracts and influenced laws and courts

  • Political Machines helped immigrants with naturalization (citizenship), jobs, and housing in exchange for votes

Boss Tweed ran NYC


Political corruption was considered to be widespread
Political Corruption was considered to be widespread Street Rear,” c. 1892

  • President Grant’s Administration

  • Voter Fraud- used fake names and voted multiple times

  • Patronage- granting favors in return for political support

  • Graft- bribes

  • kick-backs - Return of money in exchange for a business


Boss tweed and tammany hall
Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall Street Rear,” c. 1892


The tweed ring scandal
THE TWEED RING SCANDAL Street Rear,” c. 1892

William M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, became head of Tammany Hall, NYC’s powerful Democratic political machines

Between 1869-1871, Tweed led the Tweed Ring, a group of corrupt politicians, in defrauding the city

Tweed’s ring stole between 40 and 200 million

Tweed died in Jail

Boss Tweed



Civil service replaces patronage
CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE Street Rear,” c. 1892

  • Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring system

  • The system had been based on Patronage or the Spoils System; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get elected

  • Reformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobs

  • The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performance

Applicants for federal jobs are required to take a Civil Service Exam


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