The Northwest to 1870. The Northwest in 1800. In the 18th century the Northwest was dominated by two rival fur trading companies: Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) North West Company (NWC). The Hudson’s Bay Company.
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Most could not afford to move to British North America, so Selkirk used his fortune to setup agricultural colonies for the tenants.
1810he had established colonies in Upper Canada and the Maritimes.
Selkirk also used his pull as a director for the HBC to get the HBC to give him 300,000 square km to create a farming colony that would supply the HBC with food for the employees at less expense than before.
It was called Selkirk’s Grant.
Selkirk and the HBC overlooked the fact that the people living there might be opposed to the influx of new farmers.
He also overlooked the harsher conditions of the territory compared to Scotland.