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The Cold War 1945 - 1960. 1914. 1937. 1942. 1970. Dumbarton Oaks Conference. Aug. - Oct 1944. China G.B. U.S.A. U.S.S.R. France. Charter for a new multi-national organization. Yalta Conference. Demands the unconditional surrender of Japan

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The

Cold War

1945 - 1960

slide9

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

Aug. - Oct 1944

China

G.B.

U.S.A.

U.S.S.R.

France

Charter for a new multi-national

organization

Yalta Conference

  • Demands the unconditional surrender of Japan
  • Plans for dividing Germany into 4 zones of occupation
  • Reorganize the Polish Lublin govt. on a broader basis
slide10

Potsdam Conference

July 17 - Aug. 2, 1945

Transferred the chief authority in Germany

to the Russian, American,British, French military

commanders in their respective zones

Outlawed National Socialism andabolishedNazi ideology

Decentralize German economy

and break up monopolies

Ultimatum to Japan:

unconditional surrender or total destruction

slide11

Iron Curtain

"From Stettin

on the Baltic

to Trieste

on the Adriatic

Speech -

March 5, 1946

slide14

Truman

Doctrine

- Greece & Turkey

- support people fighting subjugation

- use financial aid to promote economic stability

1947

truman doctrine 1947
TrumanDoctrine1947

To combat totalitarian regimes worldwide.

$400 million in aid to be delivered to Greece and Turkey, both of which President Truman suspected were threatened by possible communist insurrections.

U.S. troops sent to administer the postwar reconstruction.

containment

slide16

Marshall Plan 1948-1952

"yankee imperialism"

$13 billion

aid for Europe and Soviet Union

slide17

Marshall Plan

June 1947

- applying Truman Doctrine to W. Europe

- stable economies equal

democratic institutions

slide18

China

- falls 1949

1949

Nationalists

v.

1946

Communists

Leaders?

- Soviets & a warm water port

- 1946

Iran

Support?

slide19

Containment Policy

Soviet communism

expansionary

secretive and intl. network

Soviet Union using a

"Contain Soviet expansion

to the sphere it controlled as on 1947

slide20

Berlin Airlift

April 1948 - May 1949

June 1948 - Sept. 1949

June, 1948 all traffic passing through USSR zone

searched . June traffic stopped

slide22

The Royal Air Force lost:

18 airmen killed

15 RAF personnel

1 army sergeant

1 Royal Australian Air Force pilot

1 South African Air Force flying officer.

The British civil airlift lost:

21 men.

U.S. losses: totaled 31 men:

22 U.S. Air Force pilots

6 U.S. Air Force airmen

1 U.S. navy petty officer

1 U.S. Army private

1 civilian.

13 German civilians perished

Berlin Airlift

Casualties

slide23

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

U.S. signs the

North Atlantic Treaty

April, 1949

NATO Member States (16)Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, France

slide25

PACT

WARSAW

1955 - 1991

slide26

The Korean War

1950 - 1953

slide27

Korean War

North - communist

South - democratic

38th

Parallel

Temporary govts. established

Main Allies

North

1.

2.

South

slide28

INVASION!

June 25, 1950

Truman pledges support!

6/27/50

slide29

Pusan Perimeter

- furthest NK advance

- August 1950

slide30

Inchon Landing

- Sept. 15, 1950

slide31

The Truce!

July 1953

Is it

the end??

slide32

Massive Retaliation

“massive capability to strike back

against any aggression that is needed.”

Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower

Jan. 7, 1954

John Foster Dulles

Brinksmanship

ike on the domino theory
Ike on the Domino theory
  • “…you have broader considerations that might follow what you would call the "falling domino" principle. You have a row of dominoes set up, you knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly. So you could have a beginning of a disintegration that would have the most profound influences.”
slide34

Eisenhower Doctrine

1957

INDOCHINA

HOT SPOTS!

Revolts

in

Poland & Hungary

1954

CUBA

1956

1958 - 1959

slide37

Stand up, Hungarians, your country calls.    The time for now or never falls.     Are we to live as slaves or free?     Choose one. This is our destiny!     By the God of all the Magyars, we swear.     We swear never again the chains to bear.

u 2 crisis
U-2 Crisis

U2 Photos