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Lecture 21 Renaissance Horticulture Rebirth of Western Civilization is known as the Renaissance Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe A result of new ways of thinking, philosophy, art, and commerce Brought about a fundamental change between the state and the church

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Lecture 21Renaissance Horticulture

Rebirth of Western Civilization is known as the Renaissance

Started in Italy and spread throughout Europe

A result of new ways of thinking, philosophy, art, and commerce

Brought about a fundamental change between the state and the church

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Horticultural Technology

Can be followed through books with the development of printing

“How-to-do-it” books on gardens, horticulture, and agriculture.

Increase in interest in cultivars

Grafting and pruning

Cooking and cuisine

By the renaissance, technology had surpassed that of the Romans.

Rise of nobility and wealth led to interest in gardens for pleasure and prestige.

Eventually landscape and garden architecture became as important as architecture.

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This painting from an illuminated manuscript of about 1400 depicts a very sturdy, businesslike window box.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978

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Gardens of Villandry.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

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Maze

Source: Crisp CXLVII

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Bathing tub, 1481.

15th century Italian fountain of youth.

Source: Crisp CCXVI

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

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Renaissance Gardens

Noble lady bathing in outdoor tub, 16th century tapestry.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

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Wooden fences of simple lattice patterns enclose the simplest checkerboard beds in these medieval paintings.In the center, the fence has wider uprights and top members and supports carved animals beside the opening.In the arbor below, the horizontal and upright members are fixed together with twisted osiers.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978

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A large plant of single red carnation, grown in a basket and pushed on a wheelbarrow, forms a humorous marginal aside in this Flemish Book of Hours of c 1500. The heavy work is left to the gardener’s wife.

Mediaeval Gardens. Harvey, 1981

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Renaissance Gardens

Arbors

Tree Planting 1470.

First spading of the season 1495.

Source: Crisp CCLVII

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

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Marbled pillared pergola 1499.

Arba decameronend of 15th century.

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

Source: Crisp CLI

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Distillery garden 1521.

Source: Crisp XL

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Raised Beds

15th century miniature with raised beds.

The gardeners labyrinth 1577.

Source: Crisp

Source: The Garden. Berrall, 1966

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Gardening 1615.

Source: Crisp.

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Grafting

1625 Grafting

Approach Grafting

Source: Crisp XIX

Source: Wright

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Training

1574Tying and harvesting hops.

Source: B. Henrey

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Gardening

European Herb garden

1611 Note cages.

Source: Crisp 203

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Italian Gardens

Viscaya Italianate Garden, Miami, Florida.

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A modern French restoration of a knot bed with box outlines, which interestingly combines some patterned planting with outer sections filled with colored or white stones.

An Illustrated History of Gardening. Huxley, 1978