The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together
That’s gun cotton • Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid • Let dry • Wash in water • Let dry • Light it and get…
Hyatt, a printer, combined camphor, alcohol and gun cotton, compressed it into billiard balls • The material was called “celluloid” • Great stuff, except
They had an unfortunate tendency to explode – after all, they were made of gun cotton.
Hannibal Goodwin • Took the celluloid invented by Hyatt and turned it into sheets
George Eastman • Took Goodwin’s celluloid sheets and turned them into strips • These strips are called film
Edison put together all the parts • Parts and ideas he got from others • Uchatius’s idea of passing pictures rapidly in front of a light and through a lens, creating the appearance of moving pictures, which was taken by Doebler as stage show, attracting the attention of Muybridge, who told Edison about it • Hyatt’s celluloid, turned into sheets by Goodwin, and then into strips as film by Eastman
Edison’s parts • The light bulb for a light source • Putting sprocket holes along the film in order to pull the film through the projector • Marketing the whole idea, selling his
Movies were short films of regular life • Two men boxing • A girl dancing • Personal lives, such as
Lumière’s program • La Sortie des usines Lumière (quitting time at the Lumiere factory) • Le Peras de bébé (a Lumiere child eating) • L’Arroseur arrosé (a boy playing a practical joke on a gardener) • L’Arrivée d’un train en gare
Melies and others followed the Lumieres and showed movies in theatres. They were called “Nickelodeons” – odeon from the Greek for theatre, and nickel for what patrons paid to watch the movies.