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Movies PowerPoint Presentation

Movies

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Movies

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  1. Movies

  2. The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together

  3. That’s gun cotton • Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid • Let dry • Wash in water • Let dry • Light it and get…

  4. It’ll make sense later

  5. Franz Uchatius

  6. Projector - 1853

  7. Ludwig Doebler

  8. Aristotle

  9. Pinhole camera

  10. Ibn Al-Hathem (Alhazen)

  11. Joseph Nièpce

  12. World’s first photograph

  13. Louis Daguerre

  14. Daguerrotype of Lincoln

  15. William Henry Fox Talbot

  16. Photograph of Lincoln

  17. Ludwig Doebler (again)

  18. Uchatius’ projector

  19. Eadweard Muybridge

  20. The Horse Bet - 1872

  21. Muybridge’s disk

  22. The Zoopraxiscope - 1879

  23. John Wesley Hyatt - 1863

  24. Why is Hyatt important?

  25. Hyatt, a printer, combined camphor, alcohol and gun cotton, compressed it into billiard balls • The material was called “celluloid” • Great stuff, except

  26. They had an unfortunate tendency to explode – after all, they were made of gun cotton.

  27. Hannibal Goodwin • Took the celluloid invented by Hyatt and turned it into sheets

  28. George Eastman • Took Goodwin’s celluloid sheets and turned them into strips • These strips are called film

  29. Thomas Alva Edison

  30. Edison put together all the parts • Parts and ideas he got from others • Uchatius’s idea of passing pictures rapidly in front of a light and through a lens, creating the appearance of moving pictures, which was taken by Doebler as stage show, attracting the attention of Muybridge, who told Edison about it • Hyatt’s celluloid, turned into sheets by Goodwin, and then into strips as film by Eastman

  31. Edison’s parts • The light bulb for a light source • Putting sprocket holes along the film in order to pull the film through the projector • Marketing the whole idea, selling his

  32. Edison’s Kinetoscope – 1894

  33. Movies were short films of regular life • Two men boxing • A girl dancing • Personal lives, such as

  34. Lumière Brothers

  35. Lumière’s program • La Sortie des usines Lumière (quitting time at the Lumiere factory) • Le Peras de bébé (a Lumiere child eating) • L’Arroseur arrosé (a boy playing a practical joke on a gardener) • L’Arrivée d’un train en gare

  36. All this was fine, but soon the novelty wore off. More was needed.

  37. George Méliès

  38. Méliès - 1902

  39. Melies and others followed the Lumieres and showed movies in theatres. They were called “Nickelodeons” – odeon from the Greek for theatre, and nickel for what patrons paid to watch the movies.

  40. Edison jumped on the bandwagon.