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Movies The Creation of Motion Pictures A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together That’s gun cotton Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid Let dry Wash in water Let dry Light it and get… It’ll make sense later Franz Uchatius Projector - 1853 Ludwig Doebler

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the creation of motion pictures

The Creation of Motion Pictures

A weird and wonderful tale of unrelated things coming together

that s gun cotton
That’s gun cotton
  • Soak cotton in nitric and sulfuric acid
  • Let dry
  • Wash in water
  • Let dry
  • Light it and get…
slide32
Hyatt, a printer, combined camphor, alcohol and gun cotton, compressed it into billiard balls
  • The material was called “celluloid”
  • Great stuff, except
hannibal goodwin
Hannibal Goodwin
  • Took the celluloid invented by Hyatt and turned it into sheets
george eastman
George Eastman
  • Took Goodwin’s celluloid sheets and turned them into strips
  • These strips are called film
edison put together all the parts
Edison put together all the parts
  • Parts and ideas he got from others
    • Uchatius’s idea of passing pictures rapidly in front of a light and through a lens, creating the appearance of moving pictures, which was taken by Doebler as stage show, attracting the attention of Muybridge, who told Edison about it
    • Hyatt’s celluloid, turned into sheets by Goodwin, and then into strips as film by Eastman
slide39
Edison’s parts
    • The light bulb for a light source
    • Putting sprocket holes along the film in order to pull the film through the projector
    • Marketing the whole idea, selling his
slide41
Movies were short films of regular life
    • Two men boxing
    • A girl dancing
    • Personal lives, such as
lumi re s program
Lumière’s program
  • La Sortie des usines Lumière (quitting time at the Lumiere factory)
  • Le Peras de bébé (a Lumiere child eating)
  • L’Arroseur arrosé (a boy playing a practical joke on a gardener)
  • L’Arrivée d’un train en gare
slide49

Melies and others followed the Lumieres and showed movies in theatres. They were called “Nickelodeons” – odeon from the Greek for theatre, and nickel for what patrons paid to watch the movies.

slide53

Again, the novelty soon wore off. The time had come for longer films – two and three reelers instead of one-reelers, like D.W. Griffith’s “Birth of a Nation”

slide57
Edison tried adding sound by combining his kinetoscope and his kinetophone, showing the film while playing the sound.
slide62
Changing the amplitude of an electrical current can cause a light to brighten or dim in direct relation to the amount of electricity.
danish researchers

Danish researchers –

Discovered selenium would generate an electrical signal in direct relation to the amount of light shining on it.

slide64
Exposing film to the flickering light created by sound, then putting it on one side of the film created the sound track.