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Green Infrastructure : connected and multifunctional landscapes Annie Coombs FLI Contents Position Statement preparation Origins, Definitions, Chronology Funding Benefits Assets, Resource Functions, Approach, Scale Strategies South Essex & Thurrock’s Green Grid PUSH
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Annie Coombs FLI
Photos throughout illustrate green infrastructure designed, managed, assessed, studied by landscape architects.
“Can I congratulate the Landscape Institute on the position statement for Green Infrastructure. With so many simplifications and misunderstandings as to what GI really offers, this statement is clear, lacking waffle and usable.”
“My planning colleagues who are currently preparing the Council’s GI SPD as part of the Core Strategy think it looks excellent and would like to use it as part of the launch and publicity of the Borough's GI policy”
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“Green space is not an amenity, it’s a necessity.”
This is the phrase that underpins his concept of green infrastructure.
“We coined the term to reposition the idea for the public,” explaining that the idea itself is not a new one.
“A planned network of multifunctional green-spaces and interconnecting links, which is designed, developed and managed to meet the environmental, social and economic needs of communities across the sub-region. It is set within, and contributes to a high quality natural and built environment and is required to enhance the quality of life for the present and future residents and visitors and to deliver liveability for sustainable communities.”*
* Planning Sustainable Communities: A green infrastructure guide for Milton Keynes and the South Midlands
“Green Infrastructure (GI) is a strategically planned and delivered network of high quality green spaces and other environmental features. It should be designed and managed as a multifunctional resource capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities. Green Infrastructure includes parks, open spaces, playing fields, woodlands, allotments and private gardens.”
“Green Infrastructure is the Region’s life support system – the network of natural environmental components and green and blue spaces that lies within and between the Northwest’s cities, towns and villages and which provides multiple social, economic and environmental benefits”
“Green infrastructure is the physical environment within and between our cities, towns and villages. It is a network of multi-functional open spaces, including formal parks, gardens, woodlands, green corridors, waterways, street trees and open countryside. It comprises all environmental resources, and thus a green infrastructure approach also contributes towards sustainable resource management.”
Article 1 of the ELC states:
“ “Landscape” means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors. The term “landscape” is thus defined as a zone or area as perceived by local people or visitors, whose visual features and character are the result of the action of natural and/or cultural (that is, human) factors. This definition reflects the idea that landscapes evolve through time, as a result of being acted upon by natural forces and human beings. It also underlines that a landscape forms a whole, whose natural and cultural components are taken together, not separately.”
CABE & Natural England:
“A switch of public spending from grey to green infrastructure would trigger an environmental revolution. At a time when investment in grey infrastructure, such as the new road building and road improvement programmes, runs into billions, investment in green infrastructure remains tiny. We have to redesign our cities in response to the imperative of climate change, and this means investment in hundreds of thousands of green roofs, millions more street trees, more parks, and new urban greenways.”
Richard Simmons, CABE’s chief executive
Town / City /District Scale
The Mersey Forest Delivery Plan 2009 - 2014
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