Heart Disease & Stroke: Patient Education Team Jupiter Ralph Quinones RN Karen Roy RN NRS434 Grand Canyon University
Healthy People 2010 Heart Disease & Stroke Goal Improve cardiovascular health and quality of life through the prevention, detection, and treatment of risk factors; early identification and treatment of heart attacks and strokes; and prevention of recurrent cardiovascular events. (CDC & NIH, 2000)
Preventing Heart Disease Throughout Life • Stop smoking & limit second-hand exposure • Control your blood pressure • Check your cholesterol • Keep diabetes under control • Get moving & exercise • Eat healthy foods • Maintain a healthy weight • Manage stress • Practice good hygiene habits (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Preventing Stroke Throughout Life • Control high blood pressure (hypertension). • Lower your cholesterol and saturated fat intake • Don't smoke & limit second-hand exposure • Control diabetes • Maintain a healthy weight • Exercise regularly • Manage stress • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Pediatric Heart Disease Pediatrics can develop heart diseases. These include: • Arrhythmias • Cardiomyopathies • Kawasaki disease • Rheumatic fever • Familial hypercholesterolemia • Myocarditis (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Pediatric Strokes Pediatric strokes are more often caused by: • Birth defects • Infections (meningitis, encephalitis) • Trauma • Blood disorders such as sickle cell disease. (Mayo Clinic, n.d.)
Prevalence of heart attacks for persons aged 20 years and older in the U.S. (CDC & NIH, 2000)
Prevalence of stroke for persons aged 20 years and older in the U.S. (CDC & NIH, 2000)
Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction) Know when to get help: • Pressure, fullness, squeezing in the center of the chest • Pain or numbness that spreads to the shoulders, neck, or arms • Chest discomfort, lightheadedness • Fainting, sweating, nausea, or shortness of breath. • Unexplained anxiety, weakness or fatigue • Palpitations, cold sweats, paleness Do not ignore warning signs of a heart attack. Call 9-1-1 immediately (Do not ignore, n.d.).
Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke (Cerebral Vascular Accident) Know when to get help: • Transient Ischemic Attacks often precede stroke. • Unilateral numbness, weakness, paralysis • Sudden blurred vision • Sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or comprehending simple statements • Loss of balance, coordination, dizziness • Severe, unexplained, localized headache with rapid onset. Call 9-1-1 immediately if you experience symptoms! (American Heart Association n.d.)
Know Your Family Medical History • Individuals with a family history of heart disease and stroke, should be referred to medical care systems to determine the most appropriate screening and preventive measures. • Talk to your healthcare provider about your family health history to make a personalized plan to maintain your health.
Community & Web-Site Resources Centers for Disease Control and Prevention • http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/ United States Food and Drug Administration • http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2005/205_stroke.html Local Chapter of American Heart Association • http://www.americanheart.org Local Chapter of National Stroke Association • http://www.stroke.org
References American Heart Association (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://www.aha.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3032226 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & National Institutes of Health. (2000). Healthy People 2010: 12 Heart Disease and Stroke [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/Document/HTML/Volume1/12Heart.htm Department of Health and Human Sciences, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (Producer). (2009). Our Mission [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gv/dhdsp/ Do not ignore. . .(n.d.) Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://checksutterfirst.org/heartandvascular/conditions/mi.cfm Heart Attack (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://cardiologychannel.com/heartattack/treatment.shtml Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Heart Disease. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/heart-disease/DS01120 Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Stroke. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stroke/DS00150 Some strokes are . . .(n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2009 from http://www.johnmuirhealth.com/index.php/neurosciences6.html