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Living Well with Heart Disease. Katie Taylor Cardiac Rehabilitation Specialist Nurse. Also called ischaemic heart disease: a disease in which the arteries supplying blood to the heart are seriously narrowed by fatty deposits causing angina and sometimes a heart attack. Coronary Heart Disease.

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living well with heart disease

Living Well with Heart Disease

Katie Taylor

Cardiac Rehabilitation Specialist Nurse

coronary heart disease

Also called ischaemic heart disease: a disease in which the arteries supplying blood to the heart are seriously narrowed by fatty deposits causing angina and sometimes a heart attack

Coronary Heart Disease

causes of heart disease
Within our control

Smoking

High cholesterol

High blood pressure

Obesity

Inactivity

Diabetes

Causes of Heart disease

Out of our control

  • Existing CHD
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Ethnicity
  • Family History
symptoms of heart disease

-Angina

  • -Heart Attack
  • -Heart Failure
  • -Rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
  • -Valve problems

Symptoms of Heart Disease

treatments
Treatments
  • -Medication
  • -Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • -Stents
  • -Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
  • -Valve surgery
over to you
Over to you....
  • Maintaining lifestyle changes
  • Keep appointments, monitor BP, blood glucose
  • Be informed-attend cardiac rehabilitation
  • Seek advice if things change
stop smoking
Stop Smoking
  • Smoking cessation support
  • Exercise
  • By 5 years of stopping the risk of heart attack is halved
  • By 10 years the risk is equal to someone who has never smoked
reduce cholesterol levels
Reduce cholesterol levels
  • Total cholesterol <4
  • LDL <2 HDL >1.0
  • Triglycerides <2
  • Healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Medication
  • Reduce weight
control blood pressure
Control blood pressure
  • Increases CHD risk by 3
  • Aim <140/85 or 130/80 in diabetics
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Medication
  • Regular monitoring
obesity
Obesity
  • Increases heart disease risk times 4 & reduces life expectancy by 9 years
  • Weight loss should be encouraged if BMI >29.9 due to effect on all risk factors
  • Risk is higher if fat is deposited around the abdomen
inactivity
Inactivity
  • Lack of exercise increases risk of first heart attack by 2.4
  • Moderate exercise every day can reduce MI by up to 50%
  • Exercise has a beneficial affect on all risk factors, it reduces stress, blood pressure, weight, cholesterol , angina and breathlessness
diabetes
Diabetes
  • Increases the risk of heart attack by 3 times
  • Diet
  • Smoking cessation
  • Exercise
  • Medication
  • Well controlled